Advertisement
Canada markets closed
  • S&P/TSX

    21,899.99
    -210.11 (-0.95%)
     
  • S&P 500

    5,123.41
    -75.65 (-1.46%)
     
  • DOW

    37,983.24
    -475.86 (-1.24%)
     
  • CAD/USD

    0.7267
    +0.0005 (+0.07%)
     
  • CRUDE OIL

    85.37
    -0.29 (-0.34%)
     
  • Bitcoin CAD

    89,746.95
    +2,844.55 (+3.27%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    885.54
    0.00 (0.00%)
     
  • GOLD FUTURES

    2,376.80
    +2.70 (+0.11%)
     
  • RUSSELL 2000

    2,003.17
    -39.43 (-1.93%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    4.4990
    -0.0770 (-1.68%)
     
  • NASDAQ futures

    18,225.00
    +45.75 (+0.25%)
     
  • VOLATILITY

    17.31
    +2.40 (+16.10%)
     
  • FTSE

    7,995.58
    +71.78 (+0.91%)
     
  • NIKKEI 225

    39,114.19
    -409.36 (-1.04%)
     
  • CAD/EUR

    0.6820
    +0.0001 (+0.01%)
     

Star Bulk Carriers Corp.'s (NASDAQ:SBLK) Intrinsic Value Is Potentially 86% Above Its Share Price

Key Insights

  • Using the 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity, Star Bulk Carriers fair value estimate is US$42.19

  • Star Bulk Carriers is estimated to be 46% undervalued based on current share price of US$22.65

  • Our fair value estimate is 66% higher than Star Bulk Carriers' analyst price target of US$25.43

Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Star Bulk Carriers Corp. (NASDAQ:SBLK) by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model is the tool we will apply to do this. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

ADVERTISEMENT

See our latest analysis for Star Bulk Carriers

The Calculation

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

2032

2033

Levered FCF ($, Millions)

US$489.1m

US$401.7m

US$413.0m

US$390.5m

US$378.3m

US$372.6m

US$371.3m

US$372.9m

US$376.6m

US$381.8m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Analyst x3

Analyst x3

Analyst x1

Est @ -5.45%

Est @ -3.13%

Est @ -1.50%

Est @ -0.36%

Est @ 0.43%

Est @ 0.99%

Est @ 1.38%

Present Value ($, Millions) Discounted @ 12%

US$436

US$320

US$293

US$247

US$214

US$188

US$167

US$150

US$135

US$122

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US$2.3b

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.3%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 12%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US$382m× (1 + 2.3%) ÷ (12%– 2.3%) = US$4.0b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US$4.0b÷ ( 1 + 12%)10= US$1.3b

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is US$3.5b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of US$22.7, the company appears quite good value at a 46% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
dcf

Important Assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Star Bulk Carriers as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 12%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.186. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

SWOT Analysis for Star Bulk Carriers

Strength

  • Debt is well covered by earnings and cashflows.

  • Dividends are covered by earnings and cash flows.

  • Dividend is in the top 25% of dividend payers in the market.

Weakness

  • Earnings declined over the past year.

Opportunity

  • Annual earnings are forecast to grow faster than the American market.

  • Good value based on P/E ratio and estimated fair value.

Threat

  • Annual revenue is forecast to grow slower than the American market.

Next Steps:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. Why is the intrinsic value higher than the current share price? For Star Bulk Carriers, we've put together three important factors you should further research:

  1. Risks: Be aware that Star Bulk Carriers is showing 3 warning signs in our investment analysis , you should know about...

  2. Future Earnings: How does SBLK's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.

  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the NASDAQGS every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.