Some high profile Canadian retailers have banded together to lobby the federal government to allow international tourists to apply for GST and PST rebates on purchases of goods while on holiday, arguing the measure would boost the economy.
The group calls itself The Alliance for Visitors Tax Refund and includes Aldo Group Inc., the Montreal-based shoe seller; jeweller Birks Group Inc.; men’s clothier Harry Rosen Inc.; Hudson’s Bay Co., which runs the iconic department store chain of the same name; and commercial real estate company Cadillac Fairview Corp. Ltd., which counts Toronto’s Eaton Centre among its retail properties.
Vancouver-based QuadReal Property Group, Edmonton-based Triple Five Group, and the Retail Council of Canada are also part of the group. The companies wrote to Tourism Minister Randy Boissonnault in July, calling on him to create a system that would allow retailers to exempt tourists from sales taxes at the till, or would allow visitors to seek refunds at customs using dedicated machines.
They proposed that the government tap a company that provides digital-first tax refund systems and software, such as Switzerland’s Global Blue Group Holding AG, which is the only non-Canadian entity in the new retail alliance. That would bring costs down for the government implementing a rebate program, as a third-party company could pass fees on, Jean-Christophe Bedos, president and CEO of Birks, said Tuesday.
“The European Union, Asian countries and all over the world they are using the visitors tax rebate as a competitive advantage to attract tourism,” Bedos said. “Canada hasn’t (got) that system in place and therefore we feel that Canada is at a disadvantage.”
Canadian retailers have been hurting since the start of the pandemic, dealing with all sorts of issues from labour shortages to, more recently, subdued consumer spending due to high inflation. Retail sales declined 2.5 per cent in July from June, Statistics Canada reported. Early estimates show a 0.4 per cent uptick for August, but that’s only with about half the data the agency usually collects for its final print.
Bedos said the rebate would provide a boost to the sector by attracting tourists to shop in Canada and increase retailers’ sales, while also benefiting other companies that benefit from tourism, such as restaurants and hotels. The alliance commissioned a study to model the outcomes of a tourist tax rebate and found that the number of visitors would increase by 193,000, leading to an additional $407 million in revenue. The study found that the increased spending would create demand that could support an additional 32,100 jobs in travel and tourism industries.
A spokesperson for Boissonnault said most goods acquired in or imported to Canada are subject to GST. “Applying the (GST) to a broad base of goods and services keeps the tax more efficient, simpler, and lower. A former rebate program was discontinued in 2007 because it was found not to be a cost-effective way for the federal government to help attract tourists to Canada,” Gabriel Felcarek said in an emailed statement.
The federal government used to have a rebate program similar to what the retail alliance is seeking, but Stephen Harper’s government scrapped it in 2007 for the Foreign Convention and Tour Incentive program, which covers fewer goods and services for tourists to claim.
Canada Revenue Agency found in February 2006 that of all GST rebate programs, including domestic, rebates for visitors accounted for two per cent of claims. As part of Harper’s fiscal tightening in the early years, his government cut more than $78 million that funded the tourist rebate program, the CBC reported in September 2006.
With the low take-up, the government would have been losing money on administrative and labour costs, said Aaron Wudrick, domestic policy director at The Macdonald-Laurier Institute, a think-tank.
“You have a particular sector that is hurting and looking for ways to get help,” Wudrick said. “I just don’t know that this particular request is worth the hassle of the expense that would accompany it.”
The Liberal government in last year’s budget dedicated $1 billion for the tourism and hospitality sectors over three years to help them recover from COVID-19’s economic downturn.
“For me, I think Canada is losing out on not having a system because I’ve worked for the jewellery industry in the U.K. and in France before and I’ve see how it works (there). I saw the benefits of it,” Bedos said.
Using a third-party provider of tax refunds could allow stores to collect and analyze data, figuring out shopping habits. That was the upside for Bedos when he worked in France.
“We had the data referring to the seasonality of the (shopper) by country of origin and every year we would organize our marketing and PR plans according to what we could expect,” Bedos said. “We could be prepared to welcome them and offer them a better experience than if we didn’t have that information.”