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Q1 2024 Snowflake Inc. Earnings Call

Participants

Christian Kleinerman; SVP of Product; Snowflake Inc.

Frank Slootman; Chairman & CEO; Snowflake Inc.

Jimmy Sexton; Head of IR; Snowflake Inc.

Michael P. Scarpelli; CFO; Snowflake Inc.

Aleksandr J. Zukin; MD & Head of the Software Group; Wolfe Research, LLC

Brad Alan Zelnick; Head of Software Equity Research and Senior US Software Research Analyst; Deutsche Bank AG, Research Division

Brad Robert Reback; MD & Senior Equity Research Analyst; Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated, Research Division

Brent Alan Bracelin; MD & Senior Research Analyst; Piper Sandler & Co., Research Division

Brent John Thill; Equity Analyst; Jefferies LLC, Research Division

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Gregg Steven Moskowitz; MD of Americas Research; Mizuho Securities USA LLC, Research Division

James Derrick Wood; MD of TMT - Software & Senior Software Analyst; TD Cowen, Research Division

Karl Emil Keirstead; Analyst; UBS Investment Bank, Research Division

Kasthuri Gopalan Rangan; Analyst; Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., Research Division

Keith Weiss; Equity Analyst; Morgan Stanley, Research Division

Kirk Materne; Senior MD & Fundamental Research Analyst; Evercore ISI Institutional Equities, Research Division

Mark Ronald Murphy; MD; JPMorgan Chase & Co, Research Division

Michael James Turrin; Senior Equity Analyst; Wells Fargo Securities, LLC, Research Division

Patrick D. Walravens; MD, Director of Technology Research & Equity Research Analyst; JMP Securities LLC, Research Division

Raimo Lenschow; MD & Analyst; Barclays Bank PLC, Research Division

Sterling Auty

Tyler Maverick Radke; VP & Senior Analyst; Citigroup Inc., Research Division

Presentation

Operator

Good afternoon. Thank you for attending today's Snowflake Q1 Fiscal Year '24 Earnings Conference Call. My name is Cole, and I will be your moderator for today's call. (Operator Instructions) I'd now like to pass the conference over to our host, Jimmy Sexton. Please go ahead.

Jimmy Sexton

Good afternoon, and thank you for joining us on Snowflake's Q1 Fiscal 2024 Earnings Call. With me in Bozeman, Montana are Frank Slootman, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer; Mike Scarpelli, our Chief Financial Officer; and Christian Kleinerman, our Senior Vice President of Product, who will join us for the Q&A session.
During today's call, we will review our financial results for the first quarter of fiscal 2024 and discuss our guidance for the second quarter and full year fiscal 2024.
During today's call, we will make forward-looking statements, including statements related to the expected performance of our business, future financial results, strategy, products and features, long-term growth, our stock repurchase program and overall future prospects. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause them to differ materially from actual results.
Information concerning those risks is available in our earnings press release distributed after market close today and in our SEC filings, including our most recently filed Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2023, and the Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 2023, that we will file with the SEC. We caution you to not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements and undertake no duty or obligation to update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or changes in our expectations.
We'd also like to point out that on today's call, we will report both GAAP and non-GAAP results. We use these non-GAAP financial measures internally for financial and operational decision-making purposes and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons.
Non-GAAP financial measures are presented in addition to, and not as a substitute for, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. To see the reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures, please refer to our earnings press release distributed after -- earlier today and our investor presentation, which are posted at investors.snowflake.com. A replay of today's call will also be posted on the website.
With that, I would now like to turn the call over to Frank.

Frank Slootman

Thanks, Jimmy. Welcome, everybody, listening to today's earnings announcement. Snowflake's product revenue grew 50% in Q1 fiscal year 2024 totaling $590 million. Net revenue retention rate reached 151%, and remaining performance obligations came in at $3.4 billion, up 31% year-on-year. Non-GAAP adjusted free cash flow was $287 million, up 58% year-over-year.
We are, however, operating in an unsettled demand environment, and we see this reflected in consumption patterns across the board. While enthusiasm for Snowflake is high, enterprises are preoccupied with costs in response to their own uncertainties. We proactively work with customers to optimize their environments. This may well continue near term, but cycles like this eventually run their course. Our conviction in the long-term opportunity remains unchanged.
Generative AI, with its text style of interaction, has captured the imagination of society at large. It will bring disruption to productivity as well as obsolescence to tasks and entire industries alike.
Generative AI is powered by data. That's how models trained and become progressively more interesting and relevant. Models have been primarily been trained with Internet and public data, and we believe enterprises will benefit from customizing this technology with their own data. As Snowflake manages a vast and growing universe of public and proprietary data, the data role in advancing this trend becomes pronounced. AI's focus on large language models and textual data, both structured and unstructured, will lead to a rapid proliferation of model types and specializations. Some models will be broadly capable with shallow in functions, others will be deep, specialized and impactful in their specific realm.
For years, we focused on the extensibility of our platform via Snowpark, making Snowflake ideally suited for a rapid adoption of new and interesting language models as they become available. AI is also not limited to textual data, equally far-reaching will be seen with audio, video and other modalities.
The Snowflake mission is to steadily demolish any and all limits to data, users, workloads, applications and new forms of intelligence. You will, therefore, continue to see us add, evolve and expand our functions and feature sets. Our goal is for all the world's data to find its way to Snowflake and not encounter any limitations in terms of use and purpose.
From our perspective, machine learning, data science and AI are workloads that we enable with increased capability, continuous performance and efficiency improvements. Data has gravitational pull. And given the vast universe of data Snowflake already manages, it's no surprise that interest in these capabilities is escalating while its users are still evolving.
Data science, machine learning and AI use cases on Snowflake are growing every day. In Q1, more than 1,500 customers leverage Snowflake for one of these workloads, up 91% year-over-year. A large U.S. financial institution uses Snowflake for model training. Facing memory constraints with their prior solution, they chose to move feature engineering workloads to Snowflake. With Snowflake, they can fully ingest all data, replacing a sampling approach, which left models less predictive and long running.
Snowflake enables machine learning for a broad spectrum of user types, not just programmers. For analysts, we have introduced in preview ML-powered SQL extensions, such as anomaly detection, top insights and time series forecasting.
SQL proficient users can now leverage powerful machine learning extensions without the need to master the underlying data science. For data scientists and engineers, Snowpark is our platform for programmability. New here is a PyTorch data loader and an MLflow plug-in, both in private preview. PyTorch is a popular framework for machine learning, and MLflow helps manage the life cycle and operations of machine learning.
Snowflake had an early start in support of language models through last year's acquisition of Applica, now in private preview. Applica's language model solves a real business challenge, understanding unstructured data. Users can turn documents such as invoices or legal contracts into structured properties. These documents are now referenceable for analytics, data science and AI, something that is quite challenging in today's environment.
Streamlit is the framework of choice for data scientists to create applications and experiences for AI and ML. Over 1,500 LLM-powered Streamlit apps have already been built.
GPT Lab is one example. GPT Lab offers pretrained AI assistance that can be shared across users. We announced our intent to acquire Neeva, a next-generation search technology powered by language models. Engaging with data through natural language is becoming popular with advancements in AI. This will enable Snowflake users and application developers to build a rich search-enabled and conversational experiences. We believe Neeva will increase our opportunity to allow non-technical users to extract value from their data.
More broadly, Snowflake continues to enable industries and workloads. In Q1, more than 800 customers engaged with Snowpark for the first time. Approximately 30% of all customers are now using Snowpark on at least a weekly basis, up from 20% at the end of last quarter. Snowpark consumption is up nearly 70% quarter-over-quarter.
The Snowflake connector for ServiceNow is in public preview. Customers can access ServiceNow data inside of the data cloud without needing to manually integrate APIs or third-party tools. ServiceNow data is significant because it holds a wealth of IT and security data.
The connector is the first so-called native app built by Snowflake. Native apps, which are in private preview, run inside the Snowflake governance perimeter and make use of common services.
Today, developers waste time convincing customers to expose their data. With native apps, developers can focus on their core interest, application development. They offer security and deployment concerns to Snowflake.
During the quarter, we also launched a manufacturing data cloud, which focuses on supply chain management as a data problem. Supply chain management is one of the few remaining realms in enterprise software that have struggled to platform itself. Supply chains are all somewhat unique and data siloing problem prevent supply chain visibility essential to managing it.
With the Manufacturing Cloud, Snowflake continues to evolve from being a data cloud to also being an operational hub for large enterprises and institutions. We also announced that Blue Yonder, one of the largest software companies in supply chain management, will fully replatform onto Snowflake. Blue Yonder is a key participant in both the manufacturing and the retail data clouds. They are the first major supply chain provider to make this commitment to creating the end-to-end supply chain platform on Snowflake.
Supply chain management is requiring network discipline as the change are typically comprised of numerous different entities. We, therefore, expect significant network effects from the strategic alliance with Blue Yonder.
Our Summit conference in June will feature more significant product announcements, and we look forward to seeing you there. With that, I'll turn the call over to Mike.

Michael P. Scarpelli

Thank you, Frank. Q1 product revenues were $590 million, representing 50% year-over-year growth, and remaining performance obligations grew 31% year-over-year totaling $3.4 billion. Of the $3.4 billion in RPO, we expect approximately 57% to be recognized as revenue in the next 12 months. This represents a 40% increase compared to our estimate as of the same quarter last year. Our net revenue retention rate of 151% includes 5 new customers with $1 million in trailing 12-month product revenue.
Q1 revenue reflects strong performance in a challenging environment. We continue to focus on growth and efficiency. We generated $287 million of non-GAAP adjusted free cash flow, outperforming our Q1 target.
In Q1, consumption varies from month to month. We benefited from strong consumption in February and March. Starting in April, consumption slowed after the Easter holidays through today. The strength in the quarter was driven by our health care and manufacturing customers. Financial services customers outperformed our expectations.
From a geographic standpoint, we saw in line performance globally with the exception of our SMB and APJ segments. It is challenging to identify a single cause of the consumption slowdown between Easter and today. A few of our largest customers have scrutinized Snowflake costs as they face headwinds in their own businesses. For example, some organizations have reevaluated their data retention policies to delete stale and less valuable data. This lowers their storage bill and reduces compute cost. We have worked with a few large customers more recently on these efforts and expect these trends to continue. History has shown that price performance benefits long-term consumption.
From a booking standpoint, we saw headwinds globally with the exception of our North American large enterprise segment. This is not due to competitive pressures, but because customers remain hesitant to sign large multiyear deals. Productivity is not where we want it to be and our updated outlook reflects this. Q1 is always a challenging bookings quarter, and the current macro environment, magnifies that, but we are still not satisfied with our results. We will only invest in areas that yield returns. For that reason, we will prioritize existing sales resources to drive growth before we onboard new capacity.
Q1 represented another quarter of continued progress on profitability. Our non-GAAP product gross margin was 77%, more favorable pricing with our cloud service providers, product improvements, scale in our public cloud data centers and continued growth in large customer accounts will contribute to year-over-year gross margin improvements. Non-GAAP operating margin was 5%, benefiting from revenue outperformance and savings on sales and marketing spend. Our non-GAAP adjusted free cash flow margin was 46%, positively impacted by strong linearity of collections and some early collections of May receivables. We continue to have a strong cash position with $5 billion in cash, cash equivalents and short-term and long-term investments. We used approximately $192 million of our cash to repurchase approximately 1.4 million shares to date at an average price of $136. We will continue to opportunistically repurchase shares using our free cash flow.
As Frank mentioned, we are acquiring Neeva. We are excited to welcome approximately 40 employees from Neeva to Snowflake, and the full impact is reflected in our outlook.
Before turning to guidance, I would like to discuss the recent trends we've been observing. As I mentioned, we have seen slower-than-expected revenue growth since Easter. Contrary to last quarter, the majority of this underperformance is driven by older customers. Although we expect this to reverse, we are flowing these patterns through to the full year due to our lack of predictability and visibility of (inaudible). As a result, we're reining in costs until we see a consistent change in consumption.
We are still focused on investing in efficient growth with a concentration on continuing to sign new customers, ensuring these customers are migrated quickly and successfully, leveraging our PS team and partner resources when selling our newer solutions such as Snowpark and Streamlit to win more personas in the enterprise. We are confident that this will ultimately lead to the data cloud network effects we have laid out over the past few years. We still believe we can achieve $10 billion of product revenue in fiscal 2029 with a better margin profile than we laid out last year.
Now let's turn to guidance. For the second quarter, we expect product revenues between $620 million and $625 million, representing year-over-year growth between 33% and 34%.
Turning to margins. We expect, on a non-GAAP basis, 2% operating margin, and we expect 361 million diluted weighted average shares outstanding. For the full year fiscal 2024, we expect product revenues of approximately $2.6 billion, representing year-over-year growth of approximately 34%.
Turning to profitability. For the full year fiscal 2024, we expect, on a non-GAAP basis, approximately 76% product gross margin, 5% operating margin and 26% adjusted free cash flow margin. And we expect 362 million diluted weighted average shares outstanding. We will continue to prioritize hiring in product and engineering. We have slowed our hiring plan for the year, and we expect to add approximately 1,000 employees in fiscal 2024, inclusive of M&A.
And lastly, we will host our Investor Day on June 27 in Las Vegas in conjunction with Snowflake Summit, our annual users conference. If you are interested in attending, please e-mail ir@snowflake.com.
With that, operator, you can now open up the line for questions. I apologize for all the coughing.

Question and Answer Session

Operator

(Operator Instructions) Our first question is from Mark Murphy with JPMorgan.

Mark Ronald Murphy

Frank, do you sense any connection to the cadence of hyperscaler cost optimization activity? In other words, if the AWS and Azure optimizations begin to normalize within a few quarters, do you think that Snowflake's consumption patterns and sequential growth rates would perk up around the same time? Or do you look at this as a more separate kind of phenomenon? And then I have a quick follow-up.

Frank Slootman

Yes. Well, we think that because Amazon is such a large percentage of our overall deployments that they are a good proxy. We just know from talking to them that what they experience, we experience as well. So there's definitely a ripple effect because we're in the stack. So the answer generally speaking is, yes, we will see that. Microsoft is smaller so they're not as predictive of our experience as AWS would be.

Mark Ronald Murphy

Okay. Then as a quick follow-up, Mike, I'm sorry to ask you a question. It sounds like you've got a bit of a cold. But is it safe to assume that you're completely through the revenue headwinds from Graviton adoption and the warehouse builder product? I think that's the case. But I'm also curious, are there any other analogous developments on the horizon that we could be thinking about that you might have baked into guidance in the next several quarters?

Michael P. Scarpelli

Yes. We've fully migrated all of our customers in AWS to Graviton, too. And that's the bulk of where our revenue is. And I want to remind you, there's really 3 types of optimization. There's the optimizations by the cloud vendors, and that's with better hardware, better performance. Then there's the optimizations that we do regularly in our software, which improve performance and hence cheaper for our customers. And generally, those 2 combined, we forecast that there's a 5% headwind every year to our revenue associated with those.
And the third optimization is the one that we really saw in a few of our largest customers with them just wanting to really change their storage retention policies. Like one customer went from 5 to 3 years, and it's a massive -- petabytes and petabytes of data. And so we lose that storage revenue. But on top of that, now your queries run quicker because you're querying less amounts of data. And we are seeing more customers wanting to do that. And I spoke to some of the hyperscalers. I won't say which one. And they confirm they're seeing retention policies change within their customers wanting to archive for older data.

Operator

Our next question is from Kash Rangan with Goldman Sachs.

Kasthuri Gopalan Rangan

If you could just offer, to the degree that you can, what are your customers that are going through consumption optimization telling you with respect to when that's likely to plateau and when they are likely to come back to "normal consumption," if you can?

Frank Slootman

Yes. Kash, I would say, look, there's -- just to put a little bit more color on, there's optimization with is just how do we run what we're already running more efficiently and driving a level of savings that way. But there's sort of another layer on top of that. I would call it rationalization.
One of the things that we've seen happen over the last couple of quarters is that the CFO is in the business, and this is sort of an expression that we use in enterprise. What we're selling is that there is a level of oversight and scrutiny that's normally not there. And this is not a frequent occurrence. You only see this happening in fairly severe episodes. And in the beginning it's like, hey, we do smaller contracts or term contracts. But then it's like, hey, you're going to live within your means. Here's the amount of money you're going to spend, and you're going to make it work. And you can figure out where you're going to cut to fit into our box. So that's really dynamics that we've seen playing out there.
Now in terms of your question, when is it all going to be over? These things do run their course because in the end, we're settling in. I said in my prepared remarks, things are unsettled. But eventually, they will settle. We will settle into new patterns, and then we sort of resume from there. But I think as of right now, I think things are still unsettled, and people are adjusting. And we don't have real strong visibility in terms of, okay, when is it all going to be different.

Operator

Our next question is from Keith Weiss with Morgan Stanley.

Keith Weiss

Excellent. Mike, this one's for you. It might be a little unfair, but it's the one that I'm getting most from investors, and it's about kind of guidance methodology and if anything has changed in that. We've seen the forward forecast have to come down a couple of times over the past couple of quarters. And there's a lot of moving pieces in both the macro environment and kind of how your customers are acting. How can we give investors confidence that this is the last cut, that we're not going to be running into new types of optimization on a go-forward basis and further taking down our forecast for the fiscal year?

Michael P. Scarpelli

Well, the way we -- there is no change in our forecast methodology, and we forecast looking literally at consumption trends on a daily basis, literally 4 weeks prior to the earnings through yesterday. And what I would say was wholly unique.
This, in the past, is we literally saw 4 weeks in April where there was no week-over-week growth per se or not material. And we do think that was driven a lot by some of these customers. That's when it happened, some of these big optimizations on storage retention policies. But in a consumption model, customers have the ability to dial it back, and they can increase it as well, too, when they get more confidence in their business. And I can only guide based upon the data we have available to us.

Operator

Our next question is from Alex Zukin with Wolfe Research.

Aleksandr J. Zukin

So maybe one financial one. If we -- and then a technical one. If we look at the balance of the growth headwinds from optimization versus rationalization, or meaning how much people are doing less of versus still tight with the purse strings to do more with, kind of how does that balance look? How has it changed over the course of the last 6 to 9 months?
And then maybe just from a technical perspective, what do you get with Neeva? Why is it important? What does it unlock for your customer base relative to generative AI?

Michael P. Scarpelli

So in terms of what customers are doing, actually, the number of jobs, the number of queries actually grew 57% year-over-year in the quarter. It's outpacing our revenue. The queries are just running more efficiently. And that is because of some of the optimizations, both if you reduce the amount of storage you're running queries on, they run faster. It's also the impact you're getting right now of the full Graviton to this year versus the -- compared from last year. So the number of jobs is actually -- growth is actually outpacing revenue and just we're becoming so much more efficient for our customers. And on Neeva, we'll go to Christian who's here.

Christian Kleinerman

Yes. Christian here. The broad vision that we communicated to all of you over the last several years is Snowflake is on a mission to extend its capabilities so we can bring computation to happen close to the data. It has evolved us into an application platform. And a core use case for applications is not only search and search-enabled experiences, but with the advent of generative AI is the notion of conversational experiences.
And the folks from Neeva are the ones who's going to power, help us accelerate the efforts around Snowflake as a platform for search and conversational experiences, but most important, within the security perimeter of Snowflake with the customers' data so that they can leverage all these new innovation and technology, but with the safety on the privacy and security of the data.

Operator

Our next question is from Raimo Lenschow with Barclays.

Raimo Lenschow

Yes. Mike, I hope you feel better soon. The quick question, last quarter, we talked about like the newer cohorts kind of expanding slightly at the lower pace compared to the more established ones -- the more older ones. Have you seen any change in momentum there? Or is it like if you think about it, like we had the last quarter slower expansion from the newer ones. And now this quarter, we have like more optimization from the older ones, is that like the 2 things? Or are there other kind of factors at work there?

Michael P. Scarpelli

No, good question. The newer ones are growing faster. The older, obviously, are the larger dollars. So when they do optimizations, that has a bigger impact. And it's interesting too, the net revenue retention for growth within AWS, those customers are materially above where our overall company is, and that's because we're relatively new to that. So the Azure cloud is really starting to take off for us as well.

Raimo Lenschow

Okay. And then one maybe, to help you with your voice, for Frank. But Frank, if you think about the changes in policy in terms of storage, retention and stuff like that, I mean there was a reason why people store their data, like for a certain number of years, et cetera. Do you think this -- what you're seeing now is kind of more a temporary thing? Or -- and as we're coming out, people just kind of do it -- have a different approach? Kind of do you think that's kind of a permanent move that's happening here?

Frank Slootman

I don't think it's permanent. Look, like I said, the CFOs in the business, they're giving very direct guidance in terms of here's where you need to be. Then the operating teams are starting to look at, okay, how do we implement this? Sometimes the low-hanging fruit is we'll just cut the data back. The processes might actually not be running as well, okay? So there's actually a cost. But you know what? The cost concern is prevailing at the moment because of the general sentiment that we are.
In 2020 and 2021, it was growth at all costs and the mentality was let it rip. Now we're in the complete inverse of that situation where we have strong certainly predictability on cost and so on. I don't think it will last. We're just on the other side of the spectrum right now, and we will reconverge to the mean at some point here.

Operator

Our next question is from Brad Zelnick with Deutsche Bank.

Brad Alan Zelnick

Great. Mike, I know in a consumption model, obviously, it's difficult to predict the number of new workloads and transaction volumes. A lot of that we know is tied to macro. I just wanted to come back to the optimization topic. You talked about the 3 different types of optimization. Is there any way you can compare your total customer portfolio to the most optimized customer that you have just to get a sense of maybe what the downside is if everyone were optimized as your most optimized customer?

Michael P. Scarpelli

That would be so hard to do. I don't have that data. Each customer is different.

Brad Alan Zelnick

Can I ask you a question? Right...

Frank Slootman

Yes?

Brad Alan Zelnick

Can I ask you a question where you do have the data -- oh, please go ahead, sorry.

Christian Kleinerman

No, I was going to add that in certain instances, some of these optimizations in the third category that Mike described and what Frank was alluding to, it's changing how the business thinks about their needs. So when you make the decision to reevaluate our storage policy, there's a business impact that only customers can do. So it's difficult for us to estimate that type of decision.

Brad Alan Zelnick

That's helpful. Mike, a question I know you do have the answer to. Since you forecast the trends every week, any commentary on how May looks relative to April?

Michael P. Scarpelli

That's reflected in the guide that I gave you, the $2.6 billion for the year. I would say that there were a couple periods in May, where it was strong, but it's kind of -- it's okay, but it's not where we want it to be, but that's reflected in the guide now.

Operator

Our next question is from Karl Keirstead with UBS.

Karl Emil Keirstead

Okay. Mike, if I could just build on Brad's line of questioning. The spirit of it is what assumptions you're embedding in your second half guidance. Are you essentially reflecting the April, May environment you saw and straightlining it? Or are you taking a little bit more of a conservative approach and sort of haircutting that? It seems that it or maybe the FINS vertical gets a little bit weaker? That's question number one.
Question number two, maybe this is best suited for Frank. Frank, Mike mentioned in his comments that sales productivity is not where Snowflake wanted it to be. Could you elaborate on that? Because that sounds like some of the pressure may not be entirely macro, but might be sales execution. So I'd love to hear a little bit if I interpreted that correctly. And the steps you're taking maybe to turn it around.

Michael P. Scarpelli

Sorry, Karl. Yes, we are expecting that there will be week-over-week growth on average with our customers that will compound, but it's at a much lower pace than it was prior, and it's more of what we've been seeing in the last 4 weeks is what we're expecting inside there. I'm not expecting a straight line from where we are today to the end of the year.

Frank Slootman

Yes. On the sales productivity side, I do think that's very much a macro thing. There comes a point where you can't push any harder. And we have applied the resources, but we're not converting on the resources in a way that we think is optimal. So is there an execution aspect? There always is, right? I mean that's just day-to-day sales management. But in all the years of doing this kind of work, I felt like I've always sort of under-applied the resource. In hindsight, I thought that -- I always thought I could have done more.
This is definitely a situation where I feel like we have applied tremendous amounts of resources. We've been very, very successful at it. But it comes to a point where, okay, we need to become more selective, more prioritized on driving the performance. So I definitely think it's a macro thing. I mean the sentiment out there is of a sort that you just can't push it any harder than up to a certain point.

Operator

Our next question is from Patrick Walravens with JMP.

Michael P. Scarpelli

We can't hear you, Pat.

Patrick D. Walravens

If I remember right, Blue Yonder is JDA as i2 and Manugistics. So anything about why that's so interesting would be great.

Frank Slootman

Look, I had a long-term fascination with supply chain management because supply chain management has never been really platformed in terms of software. It's an e-mail spreadsheet operation. It's incredibly inefficient, and it's an incredibly high volume opportunity. And the reason that it couldn't be platformed is, first of all, each supply chain is different. So it's very hard to have a standard solution for something that is so variable. But secondly, is the data problem.
If you can't establish visibility across all the entities that make up the supply chain, you stand no chance of solving that problem. So the reason that I find it so interesting for Snowflake is that, look, all the entities in the supply chain will become Snowflake accounts, right, because that's the way everybody will have visibility to everybody else. And we have a real fighting chance of solving it.
Secondly, the processes that run in supply chain management are extremely computationally intensive, and they run in very, very high volume. And of course, Snowflake is ideally suited for taking on those kinds of workloads. So I really think that supply chain management will be the most network segment of all industries that we're operating in. And today, the most network segment that we're running in is financial services by far. But I think it will be overtaken by manufacturing and retail in the fullness of time because there's absolutely no penetration right there. These are unsolved problems, very much almost in the history of computing. That's how serious that is. So fantastic historical opportunity for the technology to address.

Operator

Our next question is from Kirk Materne with ISI.

Kirk Materne

Frank, with sort of the explosion in questions around AI over the last 6 months, do you think that buyers or executives are tying the opportunities with AI to the data yet? Meaning, I know conceptually, they might get that, but are any of your conversations with customers sort of starting to percolate because of AI and the need to get your data sorted out to take advantage of that? Or is -- are most people still sort of in the discovery phase on that front?
And then Mike, can you just talk if Neeva impacts the op margin guidance for the full year at all? I was just kind of curious, you've mentioned savings, but margins are sort of flattish year-over-year. I was just kind of curious if that had any impact.

Frank Slootman

It's Frank. Obviously, customers make the connection between data and the ability to take advantage of the large language models and the natural language interface and then all that kind of stuff, and that's already happening. And the services, they are today available on Snowflake, and they're also available in the AI space, you can already rig things together and make some interesting progress. But the thing is you need to have highly curated, highly optimized data. And then that is what we do at Snowflake to really power these models. You cannot just indiscriminately let these things loose on data that is -- that people don't understand in terms of its quality and its definition, its lineage and all these kinds of things.
So I think we are in a really great place. And I said in the prepared remarks, data has a gravitational pull. So we will attract tremendous demand for these type of workloads. And our strategy is to enable that to the maximum towards the extent possible.

Michael P. Scarpelli

And then with regards to Neeva, Kirk, that's fully baked into the guidance. They have a number of -- well, actually, all of their engineers are very senior engineers, and they're all based in the U.S. They're very expensive people, these people.

Operator

Our next question is from Brent Thill with Jefferies.

Brent John Thill

Frank, this concept of Snow for everyone and having a simple chat like GPT UI in front of the Snowflake data, bring it to the mass market, I mean how long do you think this takes to -- where you start to see that where it's -- we have you deployed internally, but I have to go to 1 person that's the power user. When do you think that, ultimately, we can start seeing that in everyone's desktop?

Frank Slootman

Well, I think that the more -- I don't want to say simplistic, it might not be the right characterization. But for example, running these things on top of, for example, Salesforce data in Snowflake, which is a very common thing, something that we're already doing internally is -- that's going to be available in the second half all over the place.
And people will like it. I like it. I mean I prefer it much over using dashboards and things like that because it just lets me ask questions. But they're also relatively simplistic questions. And where it gets harder, when you start asking much, much harder questions, that's when you start finding the limits of these kind of technologies. So I think we're still sort of in the front-end games state of the development of this technology.
And with the content generation side of this, this technology is fascinating and captivating for people. But asking really hard analytical questions that take people weeks and weeks or even months to figure out, that will take some workforce software to do that in a matter of seconds to be productive that way. So we're sort of at the top of the hype cycle. The real work really starts now.

Brent John Thill

And then, Mike, you mentioned you're not effectively -- it doesn't sound like bringing on a lot of new capacity. There's still 183 job openings on your website. So I guess what you're saying is you're freezing quota-carrying rep onboarding in the interim until you see that capacity? Or are you still bringing people on? How are you thinking about this trend?

Michael P. Scarpelli

In the sales organization -- in the sales organization, we're only doing backfills right now, and we will look at performance management and upgrading people. And we could reallocate heads from one region that's underperforming to another region, but no net new hires. Sorry.

Operator

Our next question is from Gregg Moskowitz with Mizuho.

Gregg Steven Moskowitz

All right. You mentioned the change in data retention as a more prevalent form of optimization recently. What about the refresh rate? Are you seeing customers pull back on the frequency with which the data are updating?

Christian Kleinerman

No. Christian here. We have not seen changes there. If anything, because of our cost model, the economics are fairly similar if people are updating more versus less frequently or reasonably similar, and we don't see changes in the patterns.

Gregg Steven Moskowitz

All right. That's helpful. And then just a follow-up on Neeva, I guess, either for you or for Frank. So I think of the technology as fairly horizontal in terms of the potential appeal. I'm just wondering if you think this can be an avenue to help land new enterprise customers going forward? And then secondly, how much of a value add do you think that this can truly provide to the installed base?

Frank Slootman

This is Frank. I'll go first. We view search and chat as really complete evolution under the influence of AI, of our relationship with data and how we interact with it. I think most of us remember, when search first became available, how that's just dramatically changed our relationship with data. I'm personally a search junkie. I can't leave it alone. I find it incredibly empowering. But the problem with search has been, it matches on strings, it has 0 context. It's not stateful. And now we have the technology to make search incredibly powerful, also to the point that when it can't find it, it can actually generate the code to answer the questions that are posted in search.
So this is incredibly important to basically what we said from the beginning, Snowflake is about mobilizing the world's data, and this is how we're going to do it. I mean search and chat are sort of morphing into a single natural language interface, but the other thing I would caution you, this is not at all about natural language interfaces. A lot of the intelligence that we're talking about is going to be manifested through the interfaces, not just through natural language.

Operator

Our next question is from Brad Reback with Stifel.

Brad Robert Reback

Great. Mike, I hate to pose this to you, but you're probably the best to answer it. Beyond the week-to-week usage patterns in the installed base, are there any other operational data metrics that you're looking at to give you confidence on when NRR will bottom?

Michael P. Scarpelli

We're -- obviously, that's not the only thing I'd look at. I look at pipeline generation, weighted pipeline. I'm typically looking out 3 to 4 quarters. I'm looking at -- I sit in on the sales call every Monday. We're spending a lot of time with reps these days on what is going on within their accounts. And so -- but the most important thing is consumption patterns today are the biggest indicator of the future. And also looking at new products that may come out. It's hard to forecast anything for them, but that gives us somewhat of confidence. We have some big announcements that are going GA towards -- Streamlit is one of them. We talked about Applica's in private preview. But Streamlit, we think, will be meaningful. And we're really pleased with what we're seeing in the Snowpark daily credit consumption right now.

Operator

Our next question is from Tyler Radke with Citi.

Tyler Maverick Radke

I'll pose this to Frank to give Mike a break there. But just on Microsoft, so obviously, they're hosting their Build conference this week and a ton of new product announcements, including in data and analytics. But I wanted to ask you more on the partnership front. I think you commented on just seeing some better traction there. I think they've evolved their partner program, including adding you as a Tier 1 partner. So could you just talk about kind of the status of that relationship, how you're fitting in, given some of these announcements, like fabric, which kind of unifying Microsoft's own products, but just the status quo on that relationship and the opportunity with this new partnership.

Frank Slootman

Yes. Just Microsoft relationship has been growing faster than the other 2 cloud platforms that we support. It's been very clear from the top Microsoft that they're viewing Azure as a platform, not as a sort of a single integrated proprietary Microsoft stack. And they've said over and over that we're about choice, we're about innovation. And yes, we will compete. We've been competing with Microsoft from day 1, and that will -- and we've been very successful in that regard for a whole bunch of different reasons.
But people keep on coming, and that's -- and we expect that. And I think that's sort of a net benefit for the world at large. As they get better and better products, then they get more choice.
The good news is that I think the relationship is relatively mature, meaning that when there is friction or people are not following the rules, we have good established processes for addressing and resolving that. And that's incredibly important, right, as we sort of get out of that juvenile state, where things are dysfunctional at a field level. So I have no reason to believe that, that will not continue in that manner. So I think Azure will continue to grow and grow faster than the other platforms.

Tyler Maverick Radke

Great. And on Snowpark, it sounded like that you're pleased with the consumption this quarter. Could you just give us a sense for expectations on the revenue ramp there? And what are the big use cases you're seeing today? Is it Hadoop migrations, data engineering? Just give us a sense on kind of how you're expecting that ramp up and what are the main use cases driving that?

Frank Slootman

Yes. So here's the important thing to understand about Snowpark. Snowpark is the programmability platform for Snowflake. Now originally, I know Snowflake was conceived with SQL interfaces, and that was the mode through which you would address the platform. So this has really sort of opened up a whole host of modalities, if you will, onto the platform.
Basically, our posture is, look, if it reached our rights to Snowflake, we want to own these processes. And Snowpark is the platform to achieve that. Now the supply chain, if you will, how the data comes into Snowflake is through data engineering processes, often these are Spark workloads and processes. We think they ought to run on Snowpark. The reason is they're going to be cheaper, they're going to be faster, they're going to be operationally simpler, and they're going to be fully governed, right? So we think if you are a Snowflake customer and you're not running these processes on Snowpark, you're just missing out in all those 4 dimensions that I just listed.
On the consumption end, it's the same thing. If you're doing analytics, if you're doing data science, if you're doing machine learning, if you're doing AI, if it reads from and writes back to Snowflake, we think that's Snowpark. And we have taken a very emphatic posture to this. We're campaigning Snowpark very, very hard around the world. The interest is tremendously high. As I said in the prepared remarks, we went from 20% in 1 quarter to 30% of our customers using it on at least a weekly basis. We think that's going to go to 100%. I think Snowpark will become extremely prevalent around the use of Snowflake.
Now beyond that, there's a whole wide world that we're obviously also very interested in, and we're going to start at home and own everything that is -- that we can own over there.

Operator

Our next question is from Brent Bracelin with Piper Sandler.

Brent Alan Bracelin

Frank, maybe for you, I totally get the current cost concerns and optimization efforts underway. I'd be more curious to hear what you think could get us out of the current slowdown? Are there products or workload that you would flag as the key ones to watch that drives the reacceleration of the business? Just thinking through what's in your control? Or do you think we have to wait until -- for the macro to improve?

Frank Slootman

Definitely, the #1 issue is sentiment out there, just the lack of visibility, the anxiety. Watching CNBC all day doesn't give you any hope. That's absolutely #1. Because what we're seeing is that when we're dealing with CTOs and chief data officers, these people are chomping at the bit, but they are now literally getting stopped, as I said earlier, by the CFO being in the business saying, "Well, I get that's all good and well, but here's how much you're going to spend. You know you're going to get a new contract, you're going to live within the confines of the contract that you have. So really artificially constraining the demand because of the general anxiety that exists in the economy." So that really needs to start lifting. And that will happen. These things run their course. We've been through these episodes before. So I think that's really the requirement. There's plenty of demand out there, absolutely. And with AI right now, I mean, it's going to drive a whole other vector in terms of workload development. It's going to be hard to stop, CFOs or no CFO.

Brent Alan Bracelin

Very helpful there. And then Christian, I wanted to follow up on Neeva. Streamlit, totally get that acquisition. Neeva, a little harder for me to fully understand. So as you look at Neeva and the tech stack, what was most interesting? Was it the team? Is there some sort of differentiated search engine under the hood? Is it their large language model expertise? What -- why Neeva?

Christian Kleinerman

Yes, it's a great question. I think it's the combination of traditional search technology with LLM technology. I think most of us have seen numerous demos of people that take an LLM in a couple of days or hours, produce something that looks good, but then there are problems on how precise that search is and how reliable those results are. While the Neeva team did extremely well, it was able to combine LLM and generative AI-type technology with traditional technology to be able to do attributional results. And it's very interesting in an enterprise setting where you want more precise answers. That combination was very appealing. And then, of course, it is a world-class team. And the combination of those 2 were appealing to us.

Operator

Our next question is from Derrick Wood with TD Cowen.

James Derrick Wood

Great. I wanted to ask about the competitive and the pricing environment out there. I guess on the competitive side, have you guys seen any change in win rates or workload shifts to different platforms? And when it comes to pricing, you talked about customers focusing a lot on cost savings. How is this translating into your ability to hold kind of unit pricing, especially on renewals?

Frank Slootman

It's Frank. I'll let Mike weigh in once he stops coughing. But the thing about pricing is, look, physics are physics, a read is a read, a write is a write. And there's economics. It costs a certain amount of money, right? And there's just not that much room other than playing games or temporarily sponsoring or subsidizing different parts of the business to really get a sustained pricing edge on one player or another. We're all converging to very, very similar economics. Where you see huge differences is in the total cost of ownership, and that is not the cost of computing the stories. And that is like what is the cost to run that technology? And this is where Snowflake has a huge advantage. And our customers know that. It's just -- it's reduced skill sets, far fewer people, not having to touch the complexity of the underlying platforms, I mean on and on and on. I mean we're more the sense of Apple and Tesla than being in the sense of Hadoop, like some people are in the marketplace, right? So we have really abstracted the complexity. And that's what generates this TCO advantage. But the raw cost of computing and storage, there's not that much opportunity to be had.

Christian Kleinerman

I want to add something to highlight what Frank mentioned in his Snowpark answer, which is what we're seeing relative to competitive platforms, Spark and by Spark, we're seeing Snowpark being not only better performance, but better price performance. So interestingly enough, we see customers giving us technical wins and wanting to migrate because of the better economics, the competitive dynamics.

James Derrick Wood

Great. And if I could squeeze one more in. Just in terms of LLMs, you guys are obviously sitting on a lot of data to be able to be mined and training models. Do you guys envision kind of building up GPU clusters and offering training and inference on your platform? Or do you think that's really the place for hyperscalers to be doing that?

Christian Kleinerman

We're doing all of it. We alluded in the prepared remarks to Applica, which it is multi-model -- collection of models being built at Snowflake that require GPUs. So we're doing our part, but we're also working and we'll show more at our conference on how we surface GPU (inaudible). So all of the above, it's an important component of this gen AI wave of innovation.

Operator

Our next question is from Patrick Colville with Scotiabank. Our next question is from Sterling Auty with MoffettNathanson.

Michael P. Scarpelli

We're having problems.

Sterling Auty

I'm just wondering -- yes. Sorry about that, Mike. It's hard to hear the operator. So just wondering, you've called out financial services as your largest vertical. Wondering how much of an impact that vertical had in the consumption patterns that you pointed out post the Easter holiday?

Michael P. Scarpelli

The financial services vertical is doing fine. It was very strong for us. It's still 23% of our revenue and growing quite fast. It was in some of the other areas with some of our bigger customers outside of financial services.

Operator

Our next question is Michael Turrin with Wells Fargo.

Michael P. Scarpelli

Operator, we're having a hard time hearing you. Now we hear you. Okay.

Michael James Turrin

No. The operator is fading. I would agree. I appreciate you sneaking me in. Just going back the revised guidance suggests growth falls below 30%, but you did mention confidence still in the longer-term $10 billion target. So if we could just spend some time on what you're hearing from customers that drives confidence around what you're seeing as temporary which suggests growth bounces back.
And as the second part on the bookings commentary, it sounded like North America large enterprise is the area that's spinning out favorably. I just want to make sure we have the right context there and if there's anything else you can add around what's driving that, it's appreciated.

Michael P. Scarpelli

What I would say is we have a lot of customers who we have only moved a fraction of their data that we know they have multiyear plans to go on Snowflake. And that's what gives us the confidence as well as the pipeline of deals. And I'm not just talking pipeline now. There's deals for next year that I know they're long sales cycles, these big customers. That's what gives us the pipeline on top of a lot of the new products we have coming out over the next couple of years.

Operator

That will be the last question. Thank you for your time and your participation. That concludes the conference call. You may now disconnect your line. That concludes the conference call.