By Josh Horwitz and Brenda Goh
SHANGHAI (Reuters) - China is unlikely to approve an "unfair" deal Oracle Corp and Walmart Inc said they have struck with ByteDance over the future of video-streaming app TikTok, the state-backed Global Times newspaper said in an editorial.
The U.S. majors have said they would buy into a new mainly U.S.-owned company, TikTok Global, with a board of directors comprised mainly of Americans, as the parties work to pacify the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump, which had planned to ban TikTok in the United States on security grounds.
In contrast, ByteDance has said TikTok Global would be its U.S. subsidiary with 80% ownership.
"It is clear that these articles (terms) extensively show Washington's bullying style and hooligan logic. They hurt China's national security, interests and dignity," the newspaper said in an editorial in its English edition published late on Monday. It was also carried in its Chinese edition.
"From the information provided by the U.S., the deal was unfair. It caters to the unreasonable demands of Washington. It's hard for us to believe that Beijing will approve such an agreement," it said, echoing comments on Twitter the same evening from its editor-in-chief, Hu Xijin.
Hu on Tuesday, responding to comments Trump made to Fox News about how TikTok Global was going to be "totally controlled" by Oracle, said on Twitter: "Stop extorting. You think TikTok is a company from a small country?"
"There's no way the Chinese government will accept your demand. You can ruin TikTok's U.S. business, if U.S. users do not object, but you can't rob it and turn it into a U.S. baby."
The Global Times is a tabloid published by the People's Daily, the official newspaper of China's ruling Communist Party, but does not speak on behalf of the party and government unlike its parent publication.
China's government has largely refrained from directly commenting on the deal's details, though the foreign ministry has said the United States should offer a fair and non-discriminatory environment for foreign companies.
Reuters reported this month, citing sources, that Beijing opposed a forced sale of TikTok's U.S. operations by ByteDance, and would prefer to see the short video app shut down in the United States.
The deal requires approval from regulators in both Beijing and Washington, ByteDance has said. China's Ministry of Commerce in late August revised a tech export control list that experts said would give it regulatory oversight over any TikTok deal.
ByteDance and the commerce ministry did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
Over the weekend, ByteDance, Oracle and Walmart said they had reached a deal that would satisfy Trump's call for TikTok to be sold to an American firm or be shut down in the United States.
However, the sides have framed the deal differently in public statements.
Whereas ByteDance said it will majority-own TikTok Global, Oracle and Walmart together said ByteDance's ownership would be distributed to its investors - many of which are U.S.-based - and that ByteDance itself would have no direct stake. They also said four of TikTok Global's five-member board would be American.
The unidentified author of the Global Times editorial objected to there being only one board seat reserved for a Chinese national, as well as the stipulated inclusion on the board of a U.S-approved "national security director".
It also denounced the need for ByteDance to reveal source code to Oracle as part of the latter's role of "trusted technology partner" and criticised the likelihood of TikTok Global blocking Chinese access to its app.
TikTok has never been available in China. It has said it has more than 100 million monthly active U.S. users, compared with 600 million daily users at mainland equivalent Douyin.
"As TikTok and Douyin should have the same source code, this means the U.S. can get to know the operations of Douyin," the Global Times said.
"If the reorganization of TikTok under U.S. manipulation becomes a model, it means once any successful Chinese company expands its business to the U.S. and becomes competitive, it will be targeted by the U.S. and turned into a U.S.-controlled company via trickery and coercion, which eventually serves only U.S. interests."
Beijing-based ByteDance has only two Chinese nationals on its five-member board, with the other three being foreigners running U.S.-based companies.
ByteDance has also said Oracle's ability to inspect TikTok's source code before investing is akin to previous instances of U.S. companies such as Microsoft Corp sharing source code with Chinese technology experts.
(Reporting by Josh Horwitz and Brenda Goh; Additional Reporting by Yingzhi Yang and Gabriel Crossley in Beijing; Editing by Christopher Cushing, Robert Birsel)