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Farmer Brothers (FARM) delivered earnings and revenue surprises of -35.90% and -9.56%, respectively, for the quarter ended June 2020. Do the numbers hold clues to what lies ahead for the stock?
NORTHLAKE, Texas, Sept. 10, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Farmer Bros. Co. (NASDAQ: FARM) (the “Company”) today reported financial results for its fourth quarter and fiscal year ended June 30, 2020. Fourth Quarter Fiscal 2020 Highlights: * Volume of green coffee processed and sold decreased by 7.7 million pounds to 19.7 million pounds, a 28.0% decrease compared to the prior year period ended June 30, 2019, partially due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic (“COVID-19”) discussed below; * Green coffee pounds processed and sold through our DSD network were 5.4 million, or 27.5% of total green coffee pounds processed and sold; and * Direct ship customers represented 14.3 million, or 72.5%, of total green coffee pounds processed and sold. * Net sales were $81.1 million, a decrease of $61.0 million, or 42.9%, from the prior year period; * Gross margin decreased to 19.2% from 26.6% in the prior year period; * Operating expenses decreased to $29.1 million from $44.7 million in the prior year period, an increase as a percentage of sales to 35.9% from 31.5% in the prior year period; * Net loss was $9.7 million compared to net loss of $8.8 million in the prior year period; * Adjusted EBITDA was $0.7 million compared to $3.9 million in the prior year period;* and * As of June 30, 2020, the total debt outstanding was $122.0 million and cash and cash equivalents was $60.0 million compared to $92.0 million and $7.0 million, respectively, in the prior year period.Fiscal 2020 Highlights: * Volume of green coffee processed and sold decreased by 7.4 million pounds to 100.7 million pounds, a 6.8% decrease over the prior year ended June 30, 2019, partially due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic discussed below; * Green coffee pounds processed and sold through our DSD network were 31.0 million, or 30.8% of total green coffee pounds processed and sold; and * Direct ship customers represented 69.7 million, or 69.2%, of total green coffee pounds processed and sold. * Net sales were $501.3 million, a decrease of $94.6 million, or 15.9%, from the prior year; * Gross margin decreased to 27.6% from 30.1% in the prior year; * Operating expenses decreased to $181.1 million from $193.8 million in the prior year period, and as percentage of sales, inclusive of a $42.0 million intangible asset impairment charge, increased to 36.1% from 32.5% in the prior year; * Net loss was $37.1 million compared to net loss of $73.6 million in the prior year; and * Adjusted EBITDA was $18.7 million compared to $31.9 million in the prior year.*(*Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, is reconciled to its corresponding GAAP measure at the end of this press release.)Deverl Maserang, President and CEO said, “I’m proud of the way Farmer Brothers has continued to make good progress in executing our turnaround strategy during the fourth quarter, despite the challenges associated with the COVID-19 environment. We continued to focus on three priorities including: protecting the health and safety of our employees and customers; preserving liquidity and supporting the long-term sustainability of our business; and pivoting our business to accelerate certain operating initiatives. We successfully exceeded our previously announced targeted expense savings of approximately $6.5 million per month during the quarter and we have continued to actively manage costs as areas of the business partially return to pre-pandemic sales levels. Further, our recently announced credit facility amendment provides us with increased flexibility to proactively manage our liquidity and working capital - supporting continued execution of key strategic initiatives through what remains an uncertain business environment - while maintaining compliance with our debt financial covenants. Moving forward, we continue to take steps to enhance our operational and financial strength and ensure our long-term sustainability, while focusing on executing on our key strategic initiatives.”Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2020 Results:Selected Financial DataThe selected financial data presented below under the captions “Income statement data,” “Operating data” and “Other data” summarizes certain performance measures for the three months and fiscal years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited). Three Months Ended June 30, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2020 2019 2020 2019 (In thousands, except per share data) Income statement data: Net sales $81,083 $142,050 $501,320 $595,942 Gross margin 19.2% 26.6% 27.6% 30.1% Loss from operations $(13,595) $(7,024) $(43,002) $(14,702) Net loss $(9,718) $(8,760) $(37,087) $(73,595) Net loss available to common stockholders per common share—diluted $(0.57) $(0.52) $(2.19) $(4.36) Operating data: Coffee pounds 19,706 27,379 100,700 108,098 EBITDA (1) $184 $1,508 $(1,796) $3,617 EBITDA Margin (1) 0.2% 1.1% (0.4)% 0.6% Adjusted EBITDA (1) $713 $3,937 $18,742 $31,882 Adjusted EBITDA Margin (1) 0.9% 2.8% 3.7% 5.3% Other data: Capital expenditures related to maintenance $1,223 $4,087 $11,845 $21,088 Total capital expenditures $4,446 $4,366 $17,560 $34,759 Depreciation and amortization expense $7,352 $7,835 $29,896 $31,065 (1) EBITDA, EBITDA Margin, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin are non-GAAP financial measures; a reconciliation of these non-GAAP measures to their corresponding GAAP measures is included at the end of this press release.Net sales in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 were $81.1 million, a decrease of $61.0 million, or 42.9%, from the prior year period. The decrease in net sales was driven primarily by lower sales of coffee, beverage and allied products sold through our DSD network due to COVID-19, as well as the sale of our office coffee business in July 2019, and net customer attrition. At the height of COVID-19 in April 2020, DSD sales declined 65% to 70% from the pre–COVID weekly average sales. However, due to several management initiatives, lifting of some government restrictions, and reopening of some of our customers’ businesses, our DSD revenues have improved throughout the quarter to approximately a 45% decline from pre-COVID-19 levels by June 30, 2020, and remained at these levels through the end of August 2020. The largest DSD sales declines were from restaurants, hotels and casino channels, while demand from healthcare and C-stores channels were impacted less. Our direct ship sales declined 18.5% compared to the prior year period due to lower coffee volume related to COVID-19, and the impact of coffee prices for our cost plus customers, partially offset by improved volume from our retail business, products sold to key grocery stores under their private labels, and third party e-commerce platforms.Gross profit in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 was $15.5 million, a decrease of $22.2 million, or 58.8% from the prior year period and gross margin decreased to 19.2% from 26.6%. The decrease in gross profit was primarily driven by lower net sales of $61.0 million partially offset by lower cost of goods sold. The decrease in gross margin was impacted by COVID-19 and the unfavorable impact it had on our customer mix, partially offset by lower reserves for slow moving inventories, lower freight costs, lower coffee brewing equipment costs, and improved production variances resulting from the various costs savings initiatives implemented.As previously announced, we successfully implemented several cost saving initiatives with targeted expense savings of approximately $6.5 million per month. This goal was exceeded during the fourth fiscal quarter which mitigated the COVID-19 impact on gross profit and reduced operating expenses. We continue to actively manage costs as areas of the business partially return to pre-COVID-19 sales levels.Operating expenses in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 decreased $15.6 million, or 34.9%, to $29.1 million, from $44.7 million, and as a percentage of net sales increased to 35.9% compared to 31.5% of net sales, in the prior year period. The decrease in operating expenses was primarily due to a $7.2 million decrease in general and administrative expenses, and a $7.1 million decrease in selling expenses which includes a portion of the aforementioned cost savings initiatives. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was associated primarily with reductions in third party costs and lower headcount, partially offset by COVID-19 related severance costs. The decrease in selling expenses was primarily driven by lower headcount, lower DSD fleet costs, less sales commissions, lower travel expenses and other savings realized from our initiatives.Interest expense in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 decreased $0.2 million to $2.6 million as compared to $2.8 million in the prior year period principally due to lower pension related interest expense, partially offset by higher interest expense on higher outstanding borrowings on our revolving credit facility. In April 2020, we borrowed an additional $42.0 million from the revolving credit facility as a precautionary measure to increase our cash position, and preserve financial flexibility. We repaid a total of $50.0 million of the borrowings in July 2020 in connection with the amendment discussed above.Other, net in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 increased by $5.4 million to $7.5 million in the quarter compared to $2.1 million in the prior year period primarily due to higher amortized gains on our postretirement medical benefit plan, partially offset by mark-to-market net losses on coffee-related derivative instruments not designated as accounting hedges.Income tax expense was $1.0 million in each of the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 and prior year period. The tax expense in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 was primarily due to changes in accumulated other comprehensive income, while the prior year period was driven by state income tax expense.As a result of the foregoing factors, net loss was $9.7 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 as compared to net loss of $8.8 million in the prior year period. Net loss available to common stockholders was $9.9 million, or $0.57 per common share, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, compared to net loss available to common stockholders of $8.9 million, or $0.52 per common share, in the prior year period.Our capital expenditures for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020 were $17.6 million, representing lower maintenance capital spend of $11.8 million, a 49.5% reduction compared to the prior year period. These spending reductions were driven by several key initiatives put in place, including a focus on refurbished CBE equipment to drive cost savings, and reductions across some capital categories due to additional cost controls put in place due to COVID-19.As of June 30, 2020, the outstanding debt on our revolver was $122.0 million, an increase of $30.0 million since June 30, 2019. However, our cash increased by $53.0 million to $60.0 million as of June 30, 2020, compared to $7.0 million as of June 30, 2019. We continue to focus on prudent working capital management, and the liquidity improvements resulting from these actions will provide additional financial and operational flexibility during and after COVID-19.Subsequent to the end of the fiscal fourth quarter ended June 30, 2020, in July 2020, we amended our existing senior secured revolving credit facility. As of September 1, 2020, the Company’s total debt was $66.8 million and the Company had cash on hand of $8.2 million and $31.8 million of availability on its amended credit facility.Non-GAAP Financial Measures:EBITDA, EBITDA Margin, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin are non-GAAP (U.S. generally accepted accounting principles) financial measures within the meaning of the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). See the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section on why the Company believes these supplemental measures are useful, reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, and the limitations on the use of these supplemental measures.Adjusted EBITDA was $0.7 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, as compared to $3.9 million in the prior year period, and Adjusted EBITDA Margin was 0.9% in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, as compared to 2.8% in the prior year period.About Farmer Bros. Co.Founded in 1912, Farmer Bros. Co. is a national coffee roaster, wholesaler and distributor of coffee, tea and culinary products. The Company’s product lines include organic, Direct Trade and sustainably-produced coffee. With a robust line of coffee, hot and iced teas, cappuccino mixes, spices, and baking/biscuit mixes, the Company delivers extensive beverage planning services and culinary products to its U.S. based customers. The Company serves a wide variety of customers, from small independent restaurants and foodservice operators to large institutional buyers like restaurant, department and convenience store chains, hotels, casinos, healthcare facilities, and gourmet coffee houses, as well as grocery chains with private brand coffee and consumer branded coffee and tea products, and foodservice distributors.Headquartered in Northlake, Texas, Farmer Bros. Co. generated net sales of $501.3 million in fiscal 2020 and has approximately 1,210 employees nationwide. The Company’s primary brands include Farmer Brothers®, Artisan Collection by Farmer Brothers™, Superior®, Metropolitan™, China Mist® and Boyds®.Investor Conference CallDeverl Maserang, Chief Executive Officer, and Scott Drake, Chief Financial Officer, will host an audio-only investor conference call today, September 10, 2020, at 5:00 p.m. Eastern time (4:00 p.m. Central time) to review the Company’s financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ended June 30, 2020. The Company’s earnings press release will be available on the Company’s website at www.farmerbros.com under “Investor Relations.”The call will be open to all interested investors through a live audio web broadcast via the Internet at https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/ugsarwnu and at the Company’s website www.farmerbros.com under “Investor Relations.” The call also will be available to investors and analysts by dialing Toll Free: 1-(844) 423-9890 or international: 1-(716) 247-5805. The passcode/ID is 5273545.The audio-only webcast will be archived for at least 30 days on the Investor Relations section of the Farmer Bros. Co. website, and will be available approximately two hours after the end of the live webcast.Forward-Looking StatementsCertain statements contained in this press release are not based on historical fact and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws and regulations. These statements are based on management's current expectations, assumptions, estimates and observations of future events and include any statements that do not directly relate to any historical or current fact. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words like “anticipates,” “estimates,” “projects,” “expects,” “plans,” “believes,” “intends,” “will,” “could,” “assumes” and other words of similar meaning. Owing to the uncertainties inherent in forward-looking statements, actual results could differ materially from those set forth in forward-looking statements. The Company intends these forward-looking statements to speak only at the time of this press release and does not undertake to update or revise these statements as more information becomes available except as required under federal securities laws and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, duration of the COVID-19 pandemic’s disruption to the Company’s business and customers, levels of consumer confidence in national and local economic business conditions, the duration and magnitude of the pandemic’s impact on unemployment rates, the success of the Company’s strategy to recover from the effects of the pandemic, the success of the Company's turnaround strategy, the five key initiatives, the impact of capital improvement projects, the adequacy and availability of capital resources to fund the Company’s existing and planned business operations and the Company’s capital expenditure requirements, the relative effectiveness of compensation-based employee incentives in causing improvements in Company performance, the capacity to meet the demands of our large national account customers, the extent of execution of plans for the growth of Company business and achievement of financial metrics related to those plans, the success of the Company to retain and/or attract qualified employees, the success of the Company’s adaptation to technology and new commerce channels, the effect of the capital markets as well as other external factors on stockholder value, fluctuations in availability and cost of green coffee, competition, organizational changes, the effectiveness of our hedging strategies in reducing price and interest rate risk, changes in consumer preferences, our ability to provide sustainability in ways that do not materially impair profitability, changes in the strength of the economy, business conditions in the coffee industry and food industry in general, our continued success in attracting new customers, variances from budgeted sales mix and growth rates, weather and special or unusual events, as well as other risks described in this report and other factors described from time to time in our filings with the SEC. The results of operations for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ended June 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future period.FARMER BROS. CO. CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED) (In thousands, except share and per share data) Year Ended June 30, Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 2019 2018 2020 2019 Net sales $501,320 $595,942 $606,544 $81,083 $142,050 Cost of goods sold 363,198 416,840 399,155 65,536 104,327 Gross profit 138,122 179,102 207,389 15,547 37,723 Selling expenses 121,762 139,647 153,391 21,274 28,324 General and administrative expenses 42,569 48,959 49,429 9,730 16,896 Restructuring and other transition expenses — 4,733 662 — 33 Net (gains) losses from sales of assets (25,237) 465 (966) (1,862) (506) Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets 42,030 — 3,820 — — Operating expenses 181,124 193,804 206,336 29,142 44,747 (Loss) income from operations (43,002) (14,702) 1,053 (13,595) (7,024) Other (expense) income: Dividend income — — 12 — — Interest income — — 2 — — Interest expense (10,483) (12,000) (9,757) (2,598) (2,835) Postretirement benefits curtailment gains and pension settlement (charge) 5,760 (10,948) — — — Other, net 10,443 4,166 7,722 7,502 2,061 Total other income (expense) 5,720 (18,782) (2,021) 4,904 (774) Loss before taxes (37,282) (33,484) (968) (8,691) (7,798) Income tax (benefit) expense (195) 40,111 17,312 1,027 962 Net loss $(37,087) $(73,595) $(18,280) $(9,718) $(8,760) Less: Cumulative preferred dividends, undeclared and unpaid 554 535 389 140 135 Net loss available to common stockholders $(37,641) $(74,130) $(18,669) $(9,858) $(8,895) Net loss available to common stockholders per common share—basic $(2.19) $(4.36) $(1.11) $(0.57) $(0.52) Net loss available to common stockholders per common share—diluted $(2.19) $(4.36) $(1.11) $(0.57) $(0.52) Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic 17,205,849 16,996,354 16,815,020 17,339,939 17,038,829 Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted 17,205,849 16,996,354 16,815,020 17,339,939 17,038,829 FARMER BROS. CO. CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED) (In thousands, except share and per share data) June 30, 2020 2019 ASSETS Current assets: Cash and cash equivalents$60,013 $6,983 Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,796 and $1,324, respectively40,882 55,155 Inventories67,408 87,910 Income tax receivable831 1,191 Short-term derivative assets165 1,865 Prepaid expenses7,414 6,804 Total current assets176,713 159,908 Property, plant and equipment, net165,633 189,458 Goodwill— 36,224 Intangible assets, net20,662 28,878 Other assets8,564 9,468 Long-term derivative assets10 674 Right-of-use operating lease assets21,117 — Total assets$392,699 $424,610 LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY Current liabilities: Accounts payable36,987 72,771 Accrued payroll expenses9,394 14,518 Operating leases liabilities - current5,854 — Short-term derivative liabilities5,255 1,474 Other current liabilities6,802 7,309 Total current liabilities64,292 96,072 Long-term borrowings under revolving credit facility122,000 92,000 Accrued pension liabilities58,772 47,216 Accrued postretirement benefits9,993 23,024 Accrued workers’ compensation liabilities4,569 4,747 Operating lease liabilities - noncurrent15,628 — Other long-term liabilities5,532 4,057 Total liabilities$280,786 $267,116 Commitments and contingencies Stockholders’ equity: Preferred stock, $1.00 par value, 500,000 shares authorized; Series A Convertible Participating Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, 21,000 shares authorized; 14,700 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively; liquidation preference of $16,178 and $15,624 as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively15 15 Common stock, $1.00 par value, 25,000,000 shares authorized; 17,347,774 and 17,042,132 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively17,348 17,042 Additional paid-in capital62,043 57,912 Retained earnings108,536 146,177 Accumulated other comprehensive loss(76,029) (63,652) Total stockholders’ equity$111,913 $157,494 Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$392,699 $424,610 FARMER BROS. CO. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) (In thousands) Year Ended June 30, 2020 2019 2018 Cash flows from operating activities: Net loss$(37,087) $(73,595) $(18,280) Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities: Depreciation and amortization29,896 31,065 30,464 Provision for doubtful accounts1,379 1,363 137 Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets42,030 — 3,820 Change in estimated fair value of contingent earnout consideration— — (500) Restructuring and other transition expenses, net of payments— 1,172 (1,185) Deferred income taxes(300) 41,654 17,155 Postretirement benefits and pension settlement cost(5,760) 10,948 — Net (gains) losses from sales of assets(25,237) 466 (995) ESOP and share-based compensation expense4,309 3,674 3,822 Net losses on derivative instruments and investments9,818 9,196 1,982 Change in operating assets and liabilities: Accounts receivable12,893 2,757 (4,628) Inventories19,530 16,192 (15,513) Derivative (liabilities) assets, net.(1,082) (18,901) (7,782) Other assets990 114 1,073 Accounts payable(35,784) 16,546 3,864 Accrued expenses and other(14,140) (7,201) (4,579) Net cash provided by operating activities$1,455 $35,450 $8,855 Cash flows from investing activities: Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired$— $— $(39,608) Purchases of property, plant and equipment(17,560) (34,760) (35,443) Purchases of assets for construction of New Facility— — (1,577) Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment.39,477 2,399 1,988 Net cash provided (used) in investing activities$21,917 $(32,361) $(74,640) Cash flows from financing activities: Proceeds from revolving credit facility$90,000 $50,642 $85,315 Repayments on revolving credit facility(60,000) (48,429) (23,149) Payments of finance lease obligations(53) (215) (947) Payment of financing costs(418) (1,049) (579) Proceeds from stock option exercises129 507 1,342 Net cash provided by financing activities$29,658 $1,456 $61,982 Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents$53,030 $4,545 $(3,803) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year6,983 2,438 6,241 Cash and cash equivalents at end of year$60,013 $6,983 $2,438 FARMER BROS. CO. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) - (continued) (In thousands) Year Ended June 30, 2020 2019 2018 Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information: Cash paid for interest$4,426 $5,512 $3,177 Cash paid for income taxes$21 $107 $144 Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities: Non-cash additions to property, plant and equipment$446 $2,619 $2,814 Non-cash portion of earnout receivable recognized—Spice Assets sale$— $— $298 Non-cash portion of earnout payable recognized—West Coast Coffee acquisition$— $400 $— Non-cash receivable from West Coast Coffee—post-closing final working capital adjustment$— $— $218 Non-cash Issuance of 401-K shares of Common Stock$266 $37 $— Non-cash consideration given-Issuance of Series A Preferred Stock$— $— $11,756 Non-cash post-closing working capital adjustment—Boyd Coffee acquisition$— $2,277 $1,056 Cumulative preferred dividends, undeclared and unpaid$554 $535 $389 Non-GAAP Financial MeasuresIn addition to net (loss) income determined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), we use the following non-GAAP financial measures in assessing our operating performance:“EBITDA” is defined as net (loss) income excluding the impact of: * income taxes; * interest expense; and * depreciation and amortization expense. “EBITDA Margin” is defined as EBITDA expressed as a percentage of net sales.“Adjusted EBITDA” is defined as net (loss) income excluding the impact of: * income taxes; * interest expense; * (loss) income from short-term investments; * depreciation and amortization expense; * ESOP and share-based compensation expense; * non-cash impairment losses; * non-cash pension withdrawal expense; * restructuring and other transition expenses; * severance costs; * proxy contest-related expenses; * non-recurring costs associated with the COVID-19 pandemic; * net gains and losses from sales of assets; * non-cash pension settlements and postretirement benefits curtailment; and * acquisition, integration and strategic costs.“Adjusted EBITDA Margin” is defined as Adjusted EBITDA expressed as a percentage of net sales.Restructuring and other transition expenses are expenses that are directly attributable to (i) employee retention and separation benefits, pension withdrawal expense, facility-related costs and other related costs such as travel, legal, consulting and other professional services; and (ii) severance, prorated bonuses for bonus eligible employees, contractual termination payments and outplacement services, and other related costs, including legal, recruiting, consulting, other professional services, and travel.For purposes of calculating EBITDA and EBITDA Margin and Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin, we have excluded the impact of interest expense resulting from the adoption of ASU 2017-07, non-cash pretax pension and postretirement benefits resulting from the amendment and termination of the Farmer Bros. pension and postretirement benefits plans and severance because these items are not reflective of our ongoing operating results.We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide a useful measure of the Company’s operating results, a meaningful comparison with historical results and with the results of other companies, and insight into the Company’s ongoing operating performance. Further, management utilizes these measures, in addition to GAAP measures, when evaluating and comparing the Company’s operating performance against internal financial forecasts and budgets.We believe that EBITDA facilitates operating performance comparisons from period to period by isolating the effects of certain items that vary from period to period without any correlation to core operating performance or that vary widely among similar companies. These potential differences may be caused by variations in capital structures (affecting interest expense), tax positions (such as the impact on periods or companies of changes in effective tax rates or net operating losses) and the age and book depreciation of facilities and equipment (affecting relative depreciation expense). We also present EBITDA and EBITDA Margin because (i) we believe that these measures are frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties to evaluate companies in our industry, (ii) we believe that investors will find these measures useful in assessing our ability to service or incur indebtedness, and (iii) we use these measures internally as benchmarks to compare our performance to that of our competitors.EBITDA, EBITDA Margin, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin, as defined by us, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. We do not intend for non-GAAP financial measures to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for other measures prepared in accordance with GAAP.Set forth below is a reconciliation of reported net (loss) income to EBITDA (unaudited): Year Ended June 30, Three Months Ended June 30, (In thousands) 2020 2019 2018 2020 2019 Net loss, as reported $(37,087) $(73,595) $(18,280) $(9,718) $(8,760) Income tax (benefit) expense (195) 40,111 17,312 1,027 962 Interest expense(1) 5,590 6,036 3,177 1,523 1,471 Depreciation and amortization expense 29,896 31,065 30,464 7,352 7,835 EBITDA $(1,796) $3,617 $32,673 $184 $1,508 EBITDA Margin (0.4)% 0.6% 5.4% 0.2% 1.1% ____________(1) Excludes interest expense related to pension plans and postretirement benefits.Set forth below is a reconciliation of reported net (loss) income to Adjusted EBITDA (unaudited): Year Ended June 30, Three Months Ended June 30, (In thousands) 2020 2019 2018 2020 2019 Net loss, as reported $(37,087) $(73,595) $(18,280) $(9,718) $(8,760) Income tax (benefit) expense (195) 40,111 17,312 1,027 962 Interest expense(1) 5,590 6,036 3,177 1,523 1,471 Income from short-term investments — — (19) — — Depreciation and amortization expense 29,896 31,065 30,464 7,352 7,835 ESOP and share-based compensation expense 4,329 3,723 3,822 1,132 628 Restructuring and other transition expenses(2) — 4,733 662 — 33 Strategic initiatives 523 — — 523 — Net (gains) losses from sales of assets (25,237) 465 (966) (1,863) (506) Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets 42,030 — 3,820 — — Non-recurring costs associated with the COVID-19 pandemic 362 — — 233 — Postretirement benefits gains curtailment and pension settlement charge (5,760) 10,948 — — — Proxy contest-related expenses 463 — — — — Acquisition and integration costs — 6,123 7,570 — 1 Severance 3,828 2,273 — 504 2,273 Adjusted EBITDA (3) $18,742 $31,882 $47,562 $713 $3,937 Adjusted EBITDA Margin 3.7% 5.3% 7.8% 0.9% 2.8% ________(1) Excludes interest expense related to pension plans and postretirement benefits.(2) Fiscal year ended June 30, 2019, includes $3.4 million, including interest, assessed by the WC Pension Trust representing the Company’s share of the WCTPP unfunded benefits due to the Company’s partial withdrawal from the WCTPP as a result of employment actions taken by the Company in 2016 in connection with the Corporate Relocation Plan, net of payments of $0.8 million.(3) Adjusted EBITDA for fiscal 2020 includes $7.2 million of higher amortized gains resulting from the curtailment of the postretirement medical plan in March 2020. These higher gains will continue until the plan sunset on January 1, 2021. See Note 13, Employee Benefit Plans, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in our year ended June 30, 2020, Annual Report on Form 10‑K.Contact: Joele Frank, Wilkinson Brimmer Katcher Leigh Parrish 212-355-4449