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Epsilon Energy Ltd. (EPS.TO)

Toronto - Toronto Delayed Price. Currency in CAD
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5.460.00 (0.00%)
As of 4:00PM EDT. Market open.
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Previous Close5.46
Open5.46
Bid5.44 x 0
Ask5.48 x 0
Day's Range5.45 - 5.46
52 Week Range5.44 - 5.52
Volume2,150
Avg. VolumeN/A
Market Cap149.569M
Beta (5Y Monthly)0.35
PE Ratio (TTM)45.12
EPS (TTM)0.12
Earnings DateNov. 05, 2019 - Nov. 11, 2019
Forward Dividend & YieldN/A (N/A)
Ex-Dividend DateN/A
1y Target Est3.18
  • GlobeNewswire

    Epsilon Announces AGM Results

    HOUSTON, Sept. 01, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Epsilon Energy Ltd. (“Epsilon” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ: EPSN) is pleased to announce that all the nominees listed in its Proxy Statement, Schedule 14A filed on August 4, 2020 were elected as directors of Epsilon, until the next annual meeting of shareholders. The detailed results of the vote at the annual shareholders meeting held on Tuesday, September 1, 2020 are set out below.At the meeting, the number of directors was set at seven, and BDO USA, LLP was appointed as auditor. In addition, the ratification of the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan and the amendment of the bylaws increasing the quorum requirement were also passed. Each of the following seven nominees proposed by management was elected as a director of Epsilon.Nominee% For% Withheld     John Lovoi98.91%1.09% Matthew Dougherty98.40%1.60% Ryan Roebuck71.21%28.79% Stephen Finlayson98.90%1.10% Michael Raleigh98.91%1.09% Jacob Roorda98.31%1.69% Tracy Stephens98.44%1.56% About EpsilonEpsilon Energy Ltd. is a North American onshore natural gas production and midstream company with a current focus on the Marcellus Shale of Pennsylvania and the Anadarko Basin in Oklahoma.Contact Information: 281-670-0002 Michael Raleigh Chief Executive Officer Michael.Raleigh@EpsilonEnergyLTD.comSpecial note for news distribution in the United States The securities described in the news release have not been registered under the United Stated Securities Act of 1933, as amended, (the “1933 Act”) or state securities laws. Any holder of these securities, by purchasing such securities, agrees for the benefit of Epsilon Energy Ltd. (the “Corporation”) that such securities may not be offered, sold, or otherwise transferred only (A) to the Corporation or its affiliates; (B) outside the United States in accordance with applicable state laws and either (1) Rule 144(as) under the 1933 Act or (2) Rule 144 under the 1933 Act, if applicable.

  • GlobeNewswire

    Epsilon Energy to Present Virtually and Host 1 x 1 Meetings at the 10th Annual Midwest IDEAS Investor Conference on August 27th, 2020

    HOUSTON, Aug. 20, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Epsilon Energy Ltd. (“Epsilon” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ: EPSN) today announced Michael Raleigh, CEO will participate in the virtual Midwest IDEAS Investor Conference on August 27, 2020. EPSN’s presentation is scheduled to be available at 8:00 am CST on August 27th on the company's website: http://www.EPSILONENERGYLTD.com. The presentation will also be webcasted and can be accessed through the conference website, www.IDEASconferences.com. About EpsilonEpsilon Energy Ltd. is a North American onshore natural gas production and midstream company with a current focus on the Marcellus Shale of Pennsylvania and the Anadarko Basin in Oklahoma.Contact Information: 281-670-0002 Michael Raleigh Chief Executive Officer Michael.Raleigh@EpsilonEnergyLTD.comAbout IDEAS Investor ConferencesIDEAS Conferences provide independent regional venues for quality companies to present their investment merits to an influential audience of investment professionals.  Unlike traditional bank-sponsored events, IDEAS Investor Conferences are “Sponsored BY the Buyside FOR the Buyside” and for the benefit of regional investment communities.  Conference sponsors collectively have more than $200 billion in assets under management and include: Adirondack Research and Management, Allianz Global Investors: NFJ Investment Group, Ariel Investments, Aristotle Capital Boston, Barrow Hanley Mewhinney & Strauss, BMO Global Asset Management, Constitution Research & Management, Inc., Fidelity Investments, First Wilshire Securities Management, Inc., Gamco Investors, Granahan Investment Management, Great Lakes Advisors, Greenbrier Partners Capital Management, LLC, GRT Capital Partners, LLC, Hodges Capital Management, Ironwood Investment Management, Keeley Teton Advisors, Luther King Capital Management, Marble Harbor Investment Counsel, Perritt Capital Management, Punch & Associates, Westwood Holdings Group, Inc., and William Harris Investors.The IDEAS Investor Conferences are held annually in Boston, Chicago and Dallas and are produced by Three Part Advisors, LLC.  Additional information about the events can be located at www.IDEASconferences.com.If interested in participating or learning more about the IDEAS conferences, please contact Lacey Wesley at  (817) 769 -2373 or lwesley@threepa.com.

  • GlobeNewswire

    Epsilon Reports Second Quarter 2020 Results

    HOUSTON, Aug. 13, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Epsilon Energy Ltd. (“Epsilon” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ: EPSN) today reported second quarter 2020 financial and operating results and material subsequent events following the end of the quarter through the date of this release. * Net cash provided by operations of $3.1 million and $8.3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, with free cash flow (FCF) of $1.3 million and $4.2 million for the same periods. * Realized gas prices of $1.36/Mcfe, (excluding hedges) and $1.75/Mcfe (including hedges).   * Returned $0.4 million to shareholders through open market purchases of 169,285 shares through June 30, 2020 for an average price of $2.51/share. Following the June 30, 2020 deadline for the previously announced Tender Offer, $7.15 million was returned to shareholders in exchange for 2,337,034 shares which were properly tendered representing 8.9% of outstanding shares for $3.06/share.   * Marcellus net revenue interest (NRI) gas production averaged 30.6 MMcf/d (Working Interest of 35.2 MM/d) for the second quarter.   * During the second quarter the Marcellus operator turned to sales 4 Gross wells (0.16 Net wells). In addition, during the quarter, at the request of the upstream producers (including Epsilon), the operator of the Auburn System reduced the gathering pressure in a step-wise manner to 550 psi from the historical gathering pressure of 700 psi. This reduced pressure allowed all wells to increase production in varying degrees. The June 30th, 2020 NRI exit rate was 39.6 MMcf/d (Working Interest of 45.5 MMcfe/d).   * Auburn System gathered and delivered 15.6 Bcfe gross (5.5 Bcfe net to Epsilon’s interest) which represents approximately 86% of maximum throughput as currently configured. The June 30th exit gathering volume rate was 183.6 MMcf/d.   * Total revenues of $6.3 million; net loss of $0.6 million; and EBITDA of $3.1 million for the quarter.   * Cash at quarter end of $16.3 million.   * Net loss before tax of $0.74 million for the quarter included a bad debt allowance of $0.82 million.   * Operating expenses including SG&A was $1.19/Mcfe and $1.09/Mcfe excluding $0.3 million of non-recurring legal costs.Michael Raleigh, CEO, commented, “We are very pleased with the financial performance of the company as we continue to generate free cash flow even within a challenged price environment. At the current production rate and natural gas prices for the remainder of the year we anticipate the company should be able to generate $9.0 - $10.0 million of free cash flow for the full year. We anticipate exiting the year between 32-33 MMcfe/d of NRI production.  Epsilon recorded a bad debt reserve of $0.8 million related to a receivable from a shipper on the Auburn Gas Gathering system who filed for bankruptcy protection during the quarter. Post-filing, the shipper continues to invest capital in both existing and new wells in the contract area. While we ultimately believe that it is possible that some, if not all, of this receivable may be collected, the timing is uncertain, and therefore we recognized this as an allowance for bad debt. As anticipated, the restraint in capital spending across the E&P industry that began in the first quarter of 2020 is having a meaningful impact on natural gas supply. Although the natural gas supply/demand balance has been disappointing this past quarter due to exiting the mild winter with high storage levels and the curtailment of LNG exports, the market is beginning to discount a much tighter balance in 2021 as evidenced by higher prices for future delivery of natural gas.In June, Epsilon elected to participate in three new wells proposed by the operator. While Epsilon’s net interest is minor, these wells are all long reach horizontals, and two of the wells are targeting the Upper Marcellus zone which should provide more productivity data on the Upper Marcellus helping us to better understand how to efficiently develop the significant potential of our acreage.”Financial and Operating Results                 Three months ended  Six months ended     June 30,  June 30,     2020 2019 2020 2019  Revenues              Natural gas revenue $3,876,340 $4,330,013 $7,896,104 $9,764,948  Volume (MMcf)  2,858  1,920  5,585  3,743  Avg. Price ($/Mcf) $1.36 $2.26 $1.41 $2.61  PA Exit Rate (MMcfpd)  45.5  21.2  45.5  21.2  Oil and other liquids revenue $138,707 $168,465 $230,087 $241,193  Volume (MBO)  4.8  4.8  7.9  7.8  Avg. Price ($/Bbl) $29.10 $35.43 $29.15 $30.88  Gathering system revenue $2,263,740 $2,265,094 $4,580,442 $4,703,445  Total Revenues $6,278,787 $6,763,572 $12,706,633 $14,709,586                   Capital Expenditures Epsilon’s capital expenditures were $1.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.  This capital was mainly residual spending for the completion of four wells drilled in Q1 2020 in Pennsylvania as well as expenditures for the Auburn Gas Gathering system.Marcellus Operational GuidanceDuring the second quarter of 2020, the operator completed, tested and turned to sales 4 gross (0.16 net to EPSN) wells. In June, the operator proposed 3 gross (.03 net to EPSN) wells in which Epsilon elected to participate with a required capital commitment of less than $250,000.Second Quarter ResultsEpsilon generated revenues of $6.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $6.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019.Realized natural gas prices averaged $1.36/Mcf (excluding hedges) for Marcellus Upstream operations in the second quarter of 2020. Operating expenses for Marcellus Upstream operations in the second quarter were $1.4 million.The Auburn Gas Gathering system delivered 15.6 Bcfe of natural gas during the quarter as compared to 23.3 Bcfe during the first quarter of 2020.  Primary gathering volumes were flat quarter over quarter at 15.1 Bcfe.  Imported cross-flow volumes decreased 94% to 0.5 Bcfe.Epsilon reported net after tax loss of $0.6 million attributable to common shareholders or $0.02 per basic and diluted common share outstanding for the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared to net income of $3.8 million, and $0.14 per basic and diluted common share outstanding for the three months ended June 30, 2019. For the three months ended June 30, 2020, Epsilon's Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Amortization ("Adjusted EBITDA") was $3.1 million as compared to $5.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019.Recent DevelopmentsEpsilon is closely monitoring the current and potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on all aspects of our business and geographies, including how it has impacted, and may in the future impact our operations, financial results, liquidity, contractors, customers, employees and vendors. Epsilon has also taken, and is continuing to take, proactive steps to manage any disruption in our business caused by COVID-19. For instance, the Company was an early adopter in employing a work-from-home system, even before any government mandate on non-essential businesses was enacted. Epsilon increased its technology platform, infrastructure and security to allow for a work-from-home environment ahead of the actual need, and therefore, once the hypothetical became a reality, we believe Epsilon was ahead of many companies in this respect. Epsilon has also deployed additional layered safety protocols at our office in order to keep our employees safe and to keep our operations running without material disruption.About EpsilonEpsilon Energy Ltd. is a North American onshore natural gas production and midstream company with a current focus on the Marcellus Shale of Pennsylvania and the Anadarko Basin in Oklahoma.Forward-Looking StatementsCertain statements contained in this news release constitute forward looking statements. The use of any of the words “anticipate”, “continue”, “estimate”, “expect”, ‘may”, “will”, “project”, “should”, ‘believe”, and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated. Forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct and the forward-looking statements included in this news release should not be unduly relied upon.The reserves and associated future net revenue information set forth in this news release are estimates only. In general, estimates of oil and natural gas reserves and the future net revenue therefrom are based upon a number of variable factors and assumptions, such as production rates, ultimate reserves recovery, timing and amount of capital expenditures, ability to transport production, marketability of oil and natural gas, royalty rates, the assumed effects of regulation by governmental agencies and future operating costs, all of which may vary materially from actual results. For those reasons, estimates of the oil and natural gas reserves attributable to any particular group of properties, as well as the classification of such reserves and estimates of future net revenues associated with such reserves prepared by different engineers (or by the same engineers at different times) may vary. The actual reserves of the Company may be greater or less than those calculated. In addition, the Company's actual production, revenues, development and operating expenditures will vary from estimates thereof and such variations could be material.Statements relating to "reserves" are deemed to be forward-looking statements as they involve the implied assessment, based on certain estimates and assumptions, that the reserves described exist in the quantities predicted or estimated and can be profitably produced in the future. There is no assurance that forecast price and cost assumptions will be attained and variances could be material.Proved reserves are those reserves which are most certain to be recovered. There is at least a 90% probability that the quantities actually recovered will equal or exceed the estimated proved reserves.  Undeveloped reserves are those reserves expected to be recovered from known accumulations where a significant expenditure (for example, when compared to the cost of drilling a well) is required to render them capable of production.  They must fully meet the requirements of the reserves classification (proved, probable) to which they are assigned. Proved undeveloped reserves are those reserves that can be estimated with a high degree of certainty and are expected to be recovered from known accumulations where a significant expenditure is required to render them capable of production.The estimates of reserves and future net revenue for individual properties may not reflect the same confidence level as estimates of reserves and future net revenue for all properties due to the effects of aggregation. The estimated future net revenues contained in this news release do not necessarily represent the fair market value of the Company's reserves.Contact Information: 281-670-0002 Michael Raleigh Chief Executive Officer Michael.Raleigh@EpsilonEnergyLTD.comSpecial note for news distribution in the United States The securities described in the news release have not been registered under the United Stated Securities Act of 1933, as amended, (the “1933 Act”) or state securities laws. Any holder of these securities, by purchasing such securities, agrees for the benefit of Epsilon Energy Ltd. (the “Corporation”) that such securities may not be offered, sold, or otherwise transferred only (A) to the Corporation or its affiliates; (B) outside the United States in accordance with applicable state laws and either (1) Rule 144(as) under the 1933 Act or (2) Rule 144 under the 1933 Act, if applicable.  EPSILON ENERGY LTD. Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (All amounts stated in US$)                  Three months ended June 30,  Six months ended June 30,     2020  2019  2020  2019   Revenues from contracts with customers:               Gas, oil, NGLs and condensate revenue $4,015,047  $4,498,478  $8,126,191  $10,006,141   Gas gathering and compression revenue  2,263,740   2,265,094   4,580,442   4,703,445   Total revenue  6,278,787   6,763,572   12,706,633   14,709,586                  Operating costs and expenses:              Lease operating expenses  2,034,120   1,583,895   4,081,887   3,302,188   Gathering system operating expenses  79,702   238,886   177,480   551,673   Development geological and geophysical expenses  2,273   83,748   4,902   83,748   Depletion, depreciation, amortization, and accretion  2,577,770   1,953,171   4,992,146   3,778,903   Impairment of proved properties  —   —   1,760,000   —   Gain on sale of property  —   (929,827)  —   (929,827)  Bad debt expense  819,000   —   819,000   —   General and administrative expenses:              Stock based compensation expense  172,052   133,721   345,971   267,441   Other general and administrative expenses  1,236,729   921,307   2,244,842   2,260,868   Total operating costs and expenses  6,921,646   3,984,901   14,426,228   9,314,994   Operating income (loss)  (642,859)  2,778,671   (1,719,595)  5,394,592                  Other income (expense):              Interest income  13,041   46,598   34,570   89,289   Interest expense  (28,317)  (29,010)  (56,323)  (56,619)  Gain (loss) on derivative contracts  (85,348)  2,734,988   1,635,669   2,224,234   Other income (expense)  (3)  431   (2,227)  454   Other income (expense), net  (100,627)  2,753,007   1,611,689   2,257,358                  Income (loss) before income tax expense  (743,486)  5,531,678   (107,906)  7,651,950   Income tax expense (recovery)  (177,452)  1,693,820   147,829   2,440,416   NET INCOME (LOSS) $(566,034) $3,837,858  $(255,735) $5,211,534   Currency translation adjustments  6,132   1,052   6,018   11,844   NET COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) $(559,902) $3,838,910  $(249,717) $5,223,378                  Net income (loss) per share, basic $(0.02) $0.14  $(0.01) $0.19   Net income (loss) per share, diluted $(0.02) $0.14  $(0.01) $0.19                    EPSILON ENERGY LTD. Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (All amounts stated in US$)     June 30,  December 31,     2020  2019   ASSETS        Current assets        Cash and cash equivalents $16,305,204  $14,052,417   and nil at December 31, 2019  3,306,646   4,296,917   Fair value of derivatives  1,257,702   1,999,802   Prepaid income taxes  1,515,952   1,641,501   Other current assets  199,441   433,687   Total current assets  22,584,945   22,424,324   Non-current assets        Property and equipment:        Oil and gas properties, successful efforts method        Proved properties  132,997,655   130,819,256   Unproved properties  21,175,910   21,047,512   Accumulated depletion, depreciation, amortization and impairment  (94,789,633)  (89,255,035)    Total oil and gas properties, net  59,383,932   62,611,733   Gathering system  41,587,171   41,445,225   Accumulated depletion, depreciation, amortization and impairment  (31,064,707)  (29,961,690)    Total gathering system, net  10,522,464   11,483,535     Land  375,314   375,314     Buildings and other property and equipment, net  350,270   211,879        Total property and equipment, net  70,631,980   74,682,461   Other assets:        Restricted cash  564,248   561,294   Prepaid drilling costs  2,425   1,124   Total non-current assets  71,198,653   75,244,879   Total assets $93,783,598  $97,669,203            LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY        Current liabilities        Accounts payable trade $1,542,637  $2,828,495   Royalties payable  1,095,343   1,306,922   Accrued capital expenditures  197,158   627,356   Accrued gathering fees  615,548   373,929   Other accrued liabilities  386,686   858,188   Asset retirement obligation  1,555,075   1,503,978   Total current liabilities  5,392,447   7,498,868   Non-current liabilities        Asset retirement obligation  1,459,838   1,405,877   Deferred income taxes  12,399,263   12,401,464   Total non-current liabilities  13,859,101   13,807,341   Total liabilities  19,251,548   21,306,209   Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)        Shareholders' equity        Common shares, no par value, unlimited shares authorized and 26,790,985 issued and 26,133,671 shares outstanding at June 30, 2020 and 26,790,985 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019.  140,808,923   140,808,923   Treasury shares, 657,314 at June 30, 2020  (1,927,198)  —   Additional paid-in capital  7,375,459   7,029,488   Accumulated deficit  (81,541,630)  (81,285,895)  Accumulated other comprehensive income  9,816,496   9,810,478   Total shareholders' equity  74,532,050   76,362,994   Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $93,783,598  $97,669,203              EPSILON ENERGY LTD. Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (All amounts stated in US$)     Six months ended June 30,     2020  2019   Cash flows from operating activities:        Net income (loss) $(255,735) $5,211,534   Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:        Depletion, depreciation, amortization, and accretion  4,992,146   3,778,903   Impairment of proved properties  1,760,000   —   Bad debt expense  819,000   —   Gain on sale/disposal of properties  —   (929,827)  Gain on derivative contracts  (1,635,669)  (2,224,234)  Cash received from (paid for) settlements of derivative contracts  2,377,769   187,420   Stock-based compensation expense  345,971   267,441   Deferred income tax expense (benefit)  (2,201)  2,393,228   Changes in assets and liabilities:        Accounts receivable  171,271   1,473,287   Prepaid income taxes and other current assets  359,795   (595,604)  Accounts payable, royalties payable and other accrued liabilities  (630,262)  (1,526,708)  Net cash provided by operating activities  8,302,085   8,035,440   Cash flows from investing activities:        Acquisition of unproved oil and gas properties  —   (596,500)  Additions to unproved oil and gas properties  (128,398)  (822,006)  Additions to proved oil and gas properties  (3,691,409)  (1,846,040)  Additions to gathering system properties  (152,256)  (163,075)  Additions to land, buildings and property and equipment  (151,800)  —   Prepaid drilling costs  (1,301)  (2,101,510)  Proceeds from sale of leases  —   929,827   Net cash used in investing activities  (4,125,164)  (4,599,304)  Cash flows from financing activities:        Buyback of common shares  (1,927,198)  (1,233,645)  Net cash used in financing activities  (1,927,198)  (1,233,645)  Effect of currency rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash  6,018   11,844   Increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash  2,255,741   2,214,335   Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period  14,613,711   14,959,518   Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period $16,869,452  $17,173,853            Supplemental cash flow disclosures:        Income taxes paid $—  $733,200   Interest paid $56,323  $60,401            Non-cash investing activities:        Change in proved properties accrued in accounts payable and accrued liabilities $(1,516,946) $12,198   Change in gathering system accrued in accounts payable and accrued liabilities $(10,310) $82,550   Asset retirement obligation asset additions and adjustments $3,937  $7,975              EPSILON ENERGY LTD. Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation (All amounts stated in US$)     Three months ended June 30,  Six months ended June 30,     2020  2019  2020  2019   Net income (loss) $(566,034) $3,837,858  $(255,735) $5,211,534   Add Back:              Net interest (income) expense  15,276   (17,588)  21,753   (32,670)  Income tax expense (benefit)  (177,452)  1,693,820   147,829   2,440,416   Depreciation, depletion, amortization, and accretion  2,577,770   1,953,171   4,992,146   3,778,903   Impairment expense  —   —   1,760,000   —   Stock based compensation expense  172,052   133,721   345,971   267,441   (Gain) loss on derivative contracts net of cash received or paid on settlement  1,117,176   (2,363,324)  742,100   (2,036,814)  Foreign currency translation (gain) loss  3   (431)  2,228   (454)  Adjusted EBITDA $3,138,791  $5,237,227  $7,756,292  $9,628,356                  Epsilon defines Adjusted EBITDA as earnings before (1) net interest expense, (2) taxes, (3) depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion expense, (4) impairments of natural gas and oil properties, (5) non-cash stock compensation expense, (6) gain or loss on derivative contracts net of cash received or paid on settlement, and (7) other income. Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of financial performance as determined under U.S. GAAP and should not be considered in isolation from or as a substitute for net income or cash flow measures prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP or as a measure of profitability or liquidity. Additionally, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Epsilon has included Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental disclosure because its management believes that EBITDA provides useful information regarding its ability to service debt and to fund capital expenditures. It further provides investors a helpful measure for comparing operating performance on a "normalized" or recurring basis with the performance of other companies, without giving effect to certain non-cash expenses and other items. This provides management, investors and analysts with comparative information for evaluating the Company in relation to other natural gas and oil companies providing corresponding non-U.S. GAAP financial measures or that have different financing and capital structures or tax rates. These non-U.S. GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, measures for financial performance prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.  EPSILON ENERGY LTD. Free Cash Flow Reconciliation (All amounts stated in US$)     Three months ended June 30, Six Months ended June 30,    2020  2019  2020  2019   Net cash provided by operating activities $3,088,563  $4,096,726  $8,302,085  $8,035,440   Less: Net cash used in investing activities (Capital Expenditures) (1,770,877)  (3,088,587)  (4,125,164)  (4,599,304)  Free cash flow $1,317,686  $1,008,139  $4,176,921  $3,436,136                    Epsilon defines Free cash flow (“FCF”) as net cash provided by operating activities in the period minus payments for property and equipment made in the period. FCF is considered a non-GAAP financial measure under the SEC’s rules. Management believes, however, that FCF is an important financial measure for use in evaluating the Company’s financial performance, as it measures our ability to generate additional cash from our business operations. FCF should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income as a measure of our performance or net cash provided by operating activities as a measure of our liquidity. Additionally, our definition of FCF is limited and does not represent residual cash flows available for discretionary expenditures due to the fact that the measure does not deduct the payments required for debt service and other obligations, payments made for business acquisitions, or amounts spent to buys back shares. Therefore, we believe it is important to view FCF as supplemental to our entire statement of cash flows.