Stocks fell on Friday as further losses in oil prices sparked fears of a global economic slowdown, but the major indexes were still on pace for solid weekly gains.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 260 points as Caterpillar losses offset gains from Disney. The S&P 500 dropped 1.2 percent, led lower by materials shares and tech. The Nasdaq Composite lagged, dropping 1.9 percent as shares of Facebook, Amazon, Netflix and Alphabet all traded lower.
West Texas Intermediate futures fell 1.2 percent to $59.93 a barrel, breaking below $60 for the first time since March. They were also fell further into bear-market territory, trading more than 20 percent below their 52-week high.
Disappointing data out of China also dampened sentiment on Wall Street. The country's top auto industry association said sales in China fell 11.7 percent last month, marking the fourth straight monthly decline. The Shanghai Composite fell 1.4 percent overnight. Caterpillar shares dropped 4.2 percent in the U.S. while General Motors' stock fell 3.2 percent.
These sharp losses have rekindled worries about a possible slowdown in the global economy, which come as the Federal Reserve looks to further tighten monetary policy. The Fed on Thursday decided to leave its benchmark interest rate unchanged , as was expected, but comments by the U.S. central bank suggested it was on course to continue hiking rates.
Although a statement released by the institution noted a moderation in business investment, it said the bank still expects " further gradual increases " in the prime lending rate. Traders had been on edge last month due to concerns over the Fed's rate hiking path.
But equities were still on track to record strong gains for the week, following a big post-midterm elections rally.
The S&P 500 and Dow were up 3.1 percent and 3.6 percent for the week through Thursday's close, respectively. The Nasdaq, meanwhile, was up 2.4 percent.
The U.S. midterm elections ended with the Democrats taking control of the House and the GOP maintaining a majority in the Senate. This result was widely expected by pollsters and election experts. Under this government make-up, meaning a split Congress and a Republican president, the S&P 500 has averaged a 12 percent gain since 1928 , according to Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
"We've got this 'yes, but' scenario, meaning things are good right now but a lot can still happen," said Matt Lloyd, chief investment strategist at Advisors Asset Management. "There's still some turmoil and some volatility keeping investors on the sidelines."
On the earnings front, Yelp shares plunged more than 25 percent after releasing its latest quarterly results . Dow-member Disney, meanwhile, rose 2.6 percent on the back of better-than-expected results .
—CNBC's Ryan Browne contributed to this report.