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Turkey's Erdogan threatens to expel Canadian ambassador, 9 others over calls to release philanthropist

·2 min read
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, seen on Sept. 29, announced that several foreign ambassadors, including Canada's Jamal Khokhar, would be declared persona non grata over their calls to free a philanthropist jailed since 2017.  (Kremlin Pool Photo via The Associated Press - image credit)
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, seen on Sept. 29, announced that several foreign ambassadors, including Canada's Jamal Khokhar, would be declared persona non grata over their calls to free a philanthropist jailed since 2017. (Kremlin Pool Photo via The Associated Press - image credit)

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Saturday that he had ordered 10 foreign ambassadors who called for the release of a jailed philanthropist to be declared persona non grata, including Canada's Jamal Khokhar.

The envoys, including the U.S., French and German representatives in Ankara, issued a statement earlier this week calling for a resolution to the case of Osman Kavala, a businessman and philanthropist held in prison since 2017 despite not having been convicted of a crime.

"The continuing delays in [Kavala's] trial, including by merging different cases and creating new ones after a previous acquittal, cast a shadow over the respect for democracy, the rule of law and transparency in the Turkish judiciary system," said the joint statement from Canada, France, Finland, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United States.

"We call for Turkey to secure his urgent release."

Describing the statement as an "impudence," Erdogan said he had ordered the ambassadors be declared undesirable.

"I gave the instruction to our foreign minister and said 'You will immediately handle the persona non grata declaration of these 10 ambassadors,'" Erdogan said during a rally in the western city of Eskisehir.

"They will recognize, understand and know Turkey. The day they don't know or understand Turkey, they will leave."

WATCH | What's behind Erdogan's order to declare envoys persona non grata:

Imprisonment is political, observers say

The diplomats were summoned to the foreign ministry on Tuesday.

A declaration of persona non grata against a diplomat usually means that individual is banned from remaining in their host country.

CBC News has reached out to Global Affairs Canada for response to Erdogan's comments.

Reuters
Reuters

Kavala, 64, was acquitted last year of charges linked to nationwide anti-government protests in 2013, but the ruling was overturned and joined to charges relating to a 2016 coup attempt.

International observers and human rights groups have repeatedly called for the release of Kavala and Kurdish politician Selahattin Demirtas, who has been jailed since 2016. They say their imprisonment is based on political considerations.

Ankara denies the claims and insists on the independence of Turkish courts.

The Associated Press
The Associated Press

The European Court of Human Rights called for Kavala's release in 2019, saying his incarceration acted to silence him and wasn't supported by evidence of an offence.

The Council of Europe says it will start infringement proceedings against Turkey at the end of November if Kavala is not released.

The current U.S. ambassador, David Satterfield, was appointed in 2019. The nomination of his replacement, Jeff Flake, was approved by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Tuesday.

After Erdogan's order was reported, the State Department said in a statement, "We are aware of these reports and are seeking clarity from the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs."

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