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(Bloomberg) -- Stocks tumbled around the globe as recession fears resurfaced, with the Federal Reserve struggling to get on top of inflation that has proved more persistent and widespread than officials anticipated.
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The S&P 500 closed at its lowest since December 2020, while the tech-heavy Nasdaq 100 sank 4%. The deal spread on Elon Musk’s proposed takeover of Twitter Inc. widened as the billionaire wasn’t directly asked and didn’t address the issue on whether he’s committed to buying the social-media firm during a staff meeting. Homebuilders slid as mortgage rates jumped the most since 1987. In late trading, Adobe Inc. slumped after cutting its sales forecast.
Read: Stock Traders Coming to Grips With a Fed as Baffled as They Are
The dollar fell as central banks in Europe stepped up monetary tightening, promising to narrow the gap between rates there and in the US. Treasuries rebounded from an earlier selloff. Bitcoin dropped below $21,000 amid its longest slide in Bloomberg data going back to 2010.
Declaring that it’s essential to tame inflation, Jerome Powell engineered the biggest rate increase since 1994 Wednesday and held out the distinct possibility of another jumbo hike in July. While the Fed chief sought to soften the blow of the 75-basis-point boost, saying he didn’t expect such moves to be the norm, he tacitly admitted the chance of an economic downturn.
“We’re worrying about growth and where the Fed takes us ultimately,” said Chris Gaffney, president of world markets at TIAA Bank. “Yesterday, everybody said, ‘Oh good, the Fed is doing something aggressive, they’re going to get aggressive, they’ll try to catch up to the inflation curve.’ But now, you’re looking at it and saying, ‘Yeah, but are they chasing something they’re not going to be able to catch?’”
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While inflation is “out of control,” the Fed is doing the best it can given its limited tools, Orlando Bravo, co-founder of private-equity firm Thoma Bravo said. Despite the stock carnage, valuations still have much further to fall, according to Jim Chanos, founder of Chanos & Company LP.
The S&P 500 now implies an 85% chance of a US recession amid fears of a policy error by the Fed, according to JPMorgan Chase & Co. The warning from quant and derivatives strategists is based on the average 26% decline for the gauge during the past 11 recessions and follows its collapse into a bear market.
One technical indicator of US stocks shows the extent of the recent slump, while offering a whiff of optimism that it will soon come to an end.
The percentage of S&P 500 members that are trading above their 50-day moving average sank below 5% this week, the lowest level since Covid-19 fears battered shares more than two years ago. Both that selloff and the one that hit markets in late 2018 reversed course shortly after seeing a similar share of stocks dip below the closely watched technical average.
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“Our main takeaway from the Fed is hawkish -- meaning the Fed is going to accept recession risk to deliver below-trend economic growth,” wrote Dennis DeBusschere, the founder of 22V Research.
“Concerns are mounting about whether the Fed is headed towards a policy mistake,” said Quincy Krosby, chief equity strategist at LPL Financial.
“Despite their assurance, it’s unclear to me whether the Fed has the tools they say they do to tamp down prices,” said Jason Brady, chief executive officer at Thornburg Investment Management.
Elsewhere, investors dumped European bonds and the franc rallied after a surprise Swiss rate hike. The pound rose as the Bank of England raised rates and signaled it’s prepared to unleash larger moves if needed. Currency options traders are betting the Bank of Japan will deliver a policy surprise this week.
Read: Lagarde Tells Ministers ECB Expects to Put Limit on Bond Spreads
Commodities may deliver breathtaking returns amid tight supplies and low inventories, according to JPMorgan Chase & Co. Returns could total 10% by the end of the northern hemisphere summer and 5% by year-end. Volatility will also stay elevated, the report said. Oil may touch $150 per barrel in the short-term, while corn could reach $13 a bushel -- a record price by a long shot.
Key events this week:
Bank of Japan policy decision, Friday.
Eurozone CPI, Friday.
US Conference Board leading index, industrial production, Friday
What are the next levels for the pound? UK is the theme of this week’s MLIV Pulse survey. Click here to participate anonymously.
Some of the main moves in markets:
The S&P 500 fell 3.2% as of 4 p.m. New York time
The Nasdaq 100 fell 4%
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 2.4%
The MSCI World index fell 2.3%
The Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index fell 0.8%
The euro rose 1.1% to $1.0559
The British pound rose 1.5% to $1.2357
The Japanese yen rose 1.4% to 132.03 per dollar
The yield on 10-year Treasuries declined five basis points to 3.23%
Germany’s 10-year yield advanced seven basis points to 1.71%
Britain’s 10-year yield advanced five basis points to 2.52%
West Texas Intermediate crude rose 1.4% to $116.91 a barrel
Gold futures rose 2% to $1,855.10 an ounce
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