Carrying a balance on your credit card is about to get more expensive.
The Federal Reserve is expected to raise short-term interest rates by a quarter percentage point to 1.75 percent from 1.50 percent when Fed officials wrap up their two-day policy meeting on Wednesday.
By raising its benchmark rate, banks will have to pay more to borrow from the Fed – and guess who the banks will pass those costs onto? That's right, you.
While higher rates likely will raise borrowing costs on everything from mortgages to student loans, credit card holders will almost immediately feel the pinch – the average card issuer will boost borrowing rates within the next few months. That gives you just a few statement cycles to decide on the best option for managing your credit card debt.
"Credit card debt holders, in particular, are very exposed to rate increases and one to two statement cycles is very typical," said Greg McBride, chief financial analyst at personal finance site Bankrate.com.
Americans had an average credit card balance of $1,734 per account in the third quarter of 2017, according to a survey by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Rising rates could potentially add hundreds of dollars in additional interest payments this year.
Moves you can use
To avoid paying more than you should, make a move now before rates move substantially higher.
There are a number of ways to both consolidate your debt and lock in a lower rate, at least for a while. The type of options available to you depends on your creditworthiness and the amount of debt you're carrying. Here are a few options:
0% balance transfer cards: The good news is that interest rates remain historically low, so card companies are offering cards that boast long-term 0% balance transfers. If you have balances on a number of variable rate credit cards, consider consolidating them all to a 0% balance transfer card.
"There are still plenty of zero percent offers for balance transfers, as well as purchases, that last as long as 15 months," says Bankrate.com's McBride. "What that does is give you 15 months where you are both insulated from rising interest rates and have a very strong tailwind to eliminate your debt."
Keep in mind that many balance transfer cards charge a transfer fee of about 3 percent. If your credit score is solid, however, you may qualify for cards that come with little or no transfer fees. Compare offers for balance transfer cards at comparison sites such as BankRate.com, CardRates.com, and WalletHub.
Take a look at the cards you already have: If your credit score eliminates you from the best card offers, the solution to consolidating and benefiting from a lower card rate may already be right there in your wallet. Brooklyn Lowery, senior manager at credit card comparison site CardRatings.com, says card holders may already have accounts open that offer lower rates or introductory balance transfer offers.
"You may not even have to open a new card account," she said. "Even if you have one card with a 16.99 percent APR, but the other card has a 14.99 percent APR, it might be worthwhile to transfer the balance."
When comparing cards, pay attention to any transfer fees and other account fees to make sure the card you choose is offering the best deal, she said.
Home-equity loan: Using your home as collateral to pay down a pile of credit card debt is far from ideal. The drawbacks are many: the application process is time-consuming, rates right now tend to be in the 5 percent or higher range, and interest payments generally aren't tax deductible. But for individuals struggling to make ends meet — even before rates head substantially higher — a home-equity loan can be a way to consolidate your debt and motivate you to make set monthly payments to pay off your debt.
Motivation is key: If you continue to borrow on your cards while you're paying off the home-equity loan you're just digging a bigger hole. If you choose to borrow against your home, resolve to avoid taking on more debt until the loan is paid off.
Whatever you decide to do to manage your debt, don't put it off. This week's anticipated rate hike is expected to be the first of several this year – economists are forecasting two more rate hikes to come in 2018, and more than a third of economists see a chance for four increases before the year is out.
If the Fed has just three rate hikes of 0.25 percent this year, the average card holder could see annual interest payments rise by more than $300 in 2018. So it pays to get moving.
Once you've decided on the best way for you to refinance or consolidate your credit card debt, resolve to reduce that debt as quickly as possible to save even more on borrowing costs as interest rates continue to rise.